Participants would be asked to tell researchers about

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Participants would be asked to tell researchers about the word Ex – word is bank, other person says similar things like money and checkbook, participants afterward would be asked to tell the researcher about a bank Fact that you would describe a bank where you keep money rather than a river bank suggests you are processing what you hear in the unattended ear o (2) Study using 2 headphones One researcher starts a sentence & halfway through another researcher carried on Participants would be able to keep on shadowing – you’d switch from listening to one researcher to the other without even nothing when you do it You are processing what is going on at a very low level without even being aware of it Low level cues like where sound is coming from or what timbre of the voice is help you focus with one hear o Switching experiment suggests that it’s not just low level sensory cues but actually meaning cues o You are processing what he is saying enough for your brain to decide to ignore it Brain processes information even if you are not attending to it Who’s in the Expert’s Chair – Arthur Markman Competition amongst cue could be useful – some people prefer running outside cuz there’s a lot to pay attention to o If you don’t have external cues to pay attention to, then you start to focus on internal cues Internal cues for exercise include heart beating, out of breath, tiredness o Why often you work much harden when you are around other people than by yourself You are focusing on external cues and not focusing on internal cues like tiredness You can manipulate your body into not paying attention to internal cues – competition btwn external & internal cues
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Attention is NOT just one thing – there are lots of different facets of attention that may involve different brain areas o (1) Selective attention – selecting information such as in a dichotic listening test o (2) Focusing – picking something in your particular environment to do o (3) Executive attention – if you have several things to do, body tells you to focus on doing one thing Other things that you need to do will be done later – do all of one thing then do all of another thing It’s a way of deciding where to devote you physical and mental resources You can learn to pat your head & rub your tummy not w/ an attention-grabbing process but by creating a habit o Learn to touch-type in order to think about the document you are trying to write rather than typing When doing multiple things like driving and talking, you are actually shifting back and forth btwn both of them o When you try to do more than one thing at the same time, you actually get worse at both o You can’t decide how much of your resources to use for multiple activities – it’s one or the other Brain shifts back btwn the 2 activities even though you think you are doing a little bit of each o (1) If you are engaged in one thing that is ongoing, they are not mentally engaged will miss what’s going on o
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