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join Guinea in its demand for liberation in 1958, alongwith British and Belgian colonies, became independent.These included Cameroon, Togo, Madagascar, theDemocratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Benin, Niger,Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Chad, the Central AfricanRepublic, the Republic of Congo, Gabon, Senegal, Mali,Nigeria and Mauritania.Many of these countriesespecially British colonies remained as common wealthnations for a longtime with strong British influence ontheir society(Abayomi Azikiwe, April 2010).Ghana became a republic in 1960 and moved further awayfrom British imperialism. In 1961, Ghana’s leader KwameNkrumah initiated a political program he said was aimedat building socialism inside the country. Ghana in 1960had formed an alliance with both Guinea under SekouToure and Mali under Modibo Keita, aimed at building apolitical union which pursued direct trade and economiclinks among newly independent African states(AbayomiAzikiwe,April 2010).ReferencehLp://
6/6/16, 10:41 PMTopic Print ViewPage 50 of 61(NEXT(3c3bee7f86e642b292f…scending&isViewSelected=False&checkedIds=&isPrntVwSortReq=FalseAfrica still struggles against imperialism,By Abayomi Azikiwe, Editor, Pan-African NewsWire, PublishedApr 25, 2010.RE: Africa and theWestProfessor Jones 6/2/2016 4:21:31 PMYou mention socialism. To what extent did socialism and perhaps even communism gainany foothold in Africa? What was the role of the USSR in the region?RE: Africaand the WestHarpreeth Kamdar 6/2/2016 6:12:33 PMProf Jones,At independence, African countries had to decide what type of state to put inplace, and between 1950 and the mid-1980s, thirty-five of Africa's countriesadopted socialism at some point.The leaders of these countries believed socialismoffered their best chance to overcome the many obstacles these new states facedat independence.There were other reasons like the fact that Socialism wasconsidered the anti colonial and capitalist,socialism wanted to breakout ofEuropean owned and operated trade arrangements and ownerships and to thesenew African countries needed new trade relations with other socialist tradingpartners.Socialism seemed to many like a more natural fit with African culturaland social norms than the individualist capitalism of the West and One-partysocialist states promised unity. At independence, many African states werestruggling to establish a sense of nationalism among the different groups(whether religious, ethnic, familial, or regional) that made up their population.Socialism offered a rationale for limiting political opposition(socialism in Africa,Angela Tompsell)communist movements had limited success in Africa. Outside of South Africa,there were no organized communist parties prior to World War II. Communismcame to power in Ethiopia through a military coup and in Angola andMozambique through guerilla organizations more influenced by Castro’s CubanRevolution than Lenin’s Bolshevik Revolution. Africa provided a weak social,