t u t t er T h e p l an s uc c eede d t wo y ear s l a t er the s he ph er d w

T u t t er t h e p l an s uc c eede d t wo y ear s l

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Unformatted text preview: t u t t er . . . . T h e p l an s uc c eede d ; t wo y ear s l a t er the s he ph er d , w h o dur i ng t h a t t im e h a d do n e ev e r y th i ng h e h a d be en t o ld t o do , h ap p e n e d o n e da y t o o p en t he d oo r o f the co t t age . .. [ a nd both c hil d re n r a n up t o him an d ] pr ono u nced t h e word " b ec o s . " ( He r odo t u s, 1 964, p p .l 02- 1 3 ) W h e n th e k i n g l e a rn e d th a t t h e c hild r e n h a d sa i d , "beco s, " h e un d e r t ook t o di s co ve r th e l a n g u ag e t o w hi ch th e w ord b e l on g ed . F r o m t h e i nfo rm a tio n pr o du c e d b y hi s i n qui rie s, h e c o n c lud e d t h a t be co s w a s t he P hr y gi a n wo r d for " b r ea d ." As a co n s e q u e n ce , t h e E gy p ti a n s r e lu c t a n t l y y i e ld e d t h e i r c l a im t o b e i n g t he m os t an cient peo p l e a n d admi tt ed that t h e P h r y gi a n s s u rpass e d t h em i n a n tiqu i t y . Communication Processes B eco mi n g com pe tent i n a l a n g u a g e i s n o t s im p l y a ma tt e r of e mpl o y i ng a s y st e m o f r u l es f o r l i n k in g s o u nds a nd m ea ni n g ( T h i ess e n , Hill , & S affra n , 2 00 5 ; Tom as el lo , 200 6 ) . L a n g u age al so in vo l v e s th e ab i l it y t o u se s u c h a sys t e m fo r co mmu n i c at i o n a n d , f u r t h e rm ore , t o ke e p s u c h s y s t ems s e par a t e w h en on e h as a cc es s t o t w o or mo re . N onverbal Communication, or Body language T h e esse n c e of l a n gua g e i s th e a bi l it y t o t a lk t o o ne a n o th e r . Ye t s p ok e n l a n g u a ge i s o n l y o n e c h a n n e l o r f or m o f m essa ge tra n sm is si o n. W e a l s o com m un i ca te b y b o d y l a n g u ag e ( a l so t e rm e d k inesi c s) , w hi ch i s th e n o n v erb a l c o m mu n i c a ti on of m eani ng thr o ugh r h yt hmi c mo v e- m e nt s o f ha n d s or h e ad a n d t h ro u g h vo i c e a n d g es- tu res (Loe h r , 2 007) . F o r inst a n c e , we w i n k a n eye t o 15 0 Pa r t Three Bir t h and Inf a n cy demons t ra t e intim ac y ; we l i f t an e y e br ow i n di s b e li ef ; we t a p o u r f in ge r s to s h ow i mpatie n ce; we ru b ou r noses or scra t c h o u r hea d s i n p u z zlemen t ; we p ro duc e th e " t sk " sound to ex pr ess e x as p eratio n ; an d m a n y in th e U n it e d States s l ap a " h ig h f i ve" or e x c h ange "fist bump s" w h en greeting . Eve r y soc i e t y d e v e l ops i t s ow n p a tt er n s and meani n gs of s u c h b o d y mo v eme nt s an d g e s tu res- thu s suc h com mu n i cat i on ca n be mis under s tood w h en on e tra ve l s i n or m oves t o another co u n t ry . Lik ew i se, w h e n i m m i gra nt c hildren e nter t h e publi c s ch oo l sy st e m , th ere is a l o t of co nfu s ion abo ut t e ac h ers' ges tu res a n d non ve r- b al c u es. So me soci o l ogists in t e r es t e d i n commu nicati o n a nd l ang u a g es h av e c r ea t e d We b s i te s d ev oted to n o n ve r- b al co mmunication...
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