Political vs. “expert” decision-making, and the role of the public(s)
How far in advance to plan (and pay) for future needs like sewers, transit, hospitals, etc.
Implications include politics, design considerations, technology, rates of growth, etc.
Time horizons: council is 4 yrs.; official plan is 25 yrs.; most infrastructure lasts a century
“Chickens and eggs”: infrastructure to support growth, or growth to support
Capital vs. operating costs (i.e. You mean we have to maintain, and continue to pay for,
what we build?)
How Official Plans address infrastructure (keep in mind their general, long-term view)