The short stories are both from different point of

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other novels where the end is given to you. The short stories are both from different point of views. “The Husband Stitch” being a forgiving but fragmented point of view while in “Mothers” the narrator is the opposite. Machado was able to write two short stories of mothers back to back of each other, but from different situations allowing the readers to see perspectives from a straight and gay couple. Women won’t be as equal as men, they will always be seen to be the caretakers and responsible ones. In “The Husband Stitch” the narrator says, “Scoffing is the first mistake a woman can make.”(Machado 9). No matter if a woman is in a relationship with a man or a woman mocking or talking back to their significant other will always be wrong because for awhile woman weren’t supposed to speak up, mostly to a man. Machado was able to challenge her audience on gender roles and one’s identity by integrating queerness. Her incorporation of horror, fairytales, and engaging with the audience created a new understanding that everything shouldn’t be looked at just one way but multiple. The horror stories created a message in which all the women in the stories weren’t being heard or believed and the cause of that was death, while the fairytale incorporation was the beginning of all those stories, having you not expect the murder and deaths. Machado’s incorporation of telling the reader how to read the story created a connection and a better understanding of what the characters were going through during the time. Women weren’t being heard, they were expected to be something they aren’t, and because of that they lost themselves as people. 4
Becerra Annotated Bibliography Lee, Min Jin. Pachinko . Grand Central Publishing, 2017. Lee’s novel Pachinko goes back to the early 1900s where four generations of a poor immigrant family struggle to survive in their hometown. The first generation of the family have a daughter names Sunja, who later on gets pregnant by a married man and must marry a minister who will be a good father to her child and who could give them both a better life. Lee portrayal of the family allows us to go through their hardships, memories, and journey of life. The family is brought up a certain way and is expected to be strong, good, and caring people. The book is told from an outside perspective, which allows us to not just focus on one character but all of them. Sunja, who would be considered one of the main characters, is the opposite of how a woman should act during this time in Japan. She works, speaks up for what she believes in, and will do anything to give her two sons, Noa and Mozasu, the best life possible. During their time in Japan, Koreans weren’t respected or treated the same by the Japanese and even some Koreans. This novel is a

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