In my practice, I work in a unit where patients are expected to stay less than 48 hours. Because of this, it is extremely important to encourage independence, therefore they continue to feel safe going home once they are well enough. Even in two days, some people can become deconditioned, so I will frequently assist them with getting out of bed, walk with them around the unit, and allow them to take a shower. When doing these things, I always ask them how they normally perform these tasks and if they need help when at home. I will assist them as needed but will remain present to ensure no injury occurs. With this, many patients end up feeling a sense of pride for being independent and have no fears about caring for themselves when returning home. B. Identify the contributions of two historical nursing figures in the nineteenth or twentieth century. Virginia Henderson began practicing nursing in 1921in New York City (Halloran, 2018). She spent a majority of her career as a nurse educator and wrote several books on nursing (2018). She is best known for changing the view of medical care by emphasizing the importance of nurses
4 C304 Task 1 enabling their patients and encouraging them to be independent in their health care matters (2018). This includes being sure they are educated well on their medical diagnoses. She also stressed the importance of families being part of the care and education so they are able to assist in advocating and caring for their relative (2018). Jean Watson is a nursing professor and developed the Science of Caring. This theory emphasizes how important nurses practicing in a caring manner can affect the healing process of the patient and the world around them. She organized this idea into 10 guidelines for putting this science into practice, all of which being very important to be aware of. According to A. Wagner with The Watson Caring Science Institution, the guidelines are as followed: 1. Practicing loving-kindness and equanimity within context of caring consciousness. 2. Being authentically present and enabling and sustaining the deep belief system and subjective life world of self and one-being cared for. 3. Cultivating one’s own spiritual practices and transpersonal self, going beyond ego self. 4. Developing and sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship. 5. Being present to, and supportive of the expression of positive and negative feelings. 6. Creatively using self and all ways of knowing as part of the caring process; engaging in artistry of caring-healing practices. 7. Engaging in genuine teaching-learning experience that attends to wholeness and meaning, attempting to stay within other’s frame of reference. 8. Creating healing environment at all levels, whereby wholeness, beauty, comfort, dignity, and peace are potentiated.
5 C304 Task 1 9. Assisting with basic needs, with an intentional caring consciousness, administering ‘human care essentials,’ which potentiate alignment of mind-body-spirit, wholeness in all aspects of care.
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