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Lecture 4 focus today we begin the practice part of

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LECTURE 4: FOCUSToday we begin thepractice partof the course with a lecture onhow SDis investigated and addressedat theinternational levelWhy the international level?Because SD is a global task,Directed towards more equity between global North & South, rich and poor,present and future generations87
LECTURE 4 FOCUSSD has therefore embedded on global environmentalgovernance:What is thechallengeof global sustainable governance?What are theprinciplesis establishes?How hasglobal sustainable governancedeveloped?Which are the majorUN SD landmarksand theirsignificance?88
Our Common Future(Brundtland Report 1987):Sets an internationalpolitical agendato promote SDCalls forinternational cooperationto manage ecological andeconomic interdependenciesCalls for newinternational institutionsfor global environmentalgovernance (GEG)Calls forbroadening existing international institutionsestablishedon narrow/sectoral agendas (i.e. agriculture, trade, urban development,etc…)THE CHALLENGE OF GLOBAL SUSTAINABLEGOVERNANCE89
THE CHALLENGE OF GLOBALSUSTAINABLE GOVERNANCEOur Common Future (1987) alsocalls for:Getting at the source: supporting development that is ecologically andeconomically sustainableDealing with the effects: set measures and management of protectionAssessing global risks of damage: effects on survival, security and well-being of world communityMaking informed choices: involving informed communities (scientists,public, NGOs)Investing in our future: World Bank projects, are they sustainable?90
THE ESSENCE OF THE BRUNDTLAND REPORT(READ VERTICALLY)Development FailuresEnvironment FailuresPolicy DirectionsResponses from Govt &ML AgenciesMore hunger6 mill ha desert/yrPopulation: family planning?Recognize environment affectseconomy/ affects environment.More illiteracy11 mill ha destroyed/y~ lowgrade farmlandFood: subsidized vs. non-subsidized farmers/ Enoughfood vs. affordable food1983 establishment WC Envand DevelopmentMore people w/o water &homesAcid rain ~forests/lakesSpecies & Ecosystems:protect at all costs?Recognition of interlocking b/tenergy, env and developmentLess people w/ fuelAcid rain~ historicalarchitectureEnergy: lessen intensity,increase nuclear? Or lowenergy use or increaserenewables?World pop: 8-15 bil (21stcent)World econ:US$3 trillMilitary spending: US$1 trillGap b/t rich & poorBurning of FF~CO2~globalwarming ~ shift agriculturalproduction~ raise sea levelIndustry: produce more withlessMainenv and dev problem:inequality b/t polluters andpollutedBurning other gases~ozonedepletion~ cancersUrban development:decentralize funds, power, andpersonnel.91
THE FOUNDATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF GLOBALSUSTAINABLE GOVERNANCETraditions:Stewardship: rights of humans to exploit the nonhuman world but notto the exclusion of all else. Humans caring role.

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Term
Fall
Professor
professor_unknown
Tags
Environmentalism, Kyoto Protocol, Global Sustainability

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