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with water and blood, not water only. Purpose is to deal with repercussions of conflicts and schisms in the church.The Humanity of Christ:The life and ministry of Jesus, who was an actual person and a man who could be heard and seen and touched. Jesus has come in the flesh. Some think that since Jesus was a divine being, he could not really be human. Letters emphasize Jesus’s humanity without giving any ground on his divinity: his identification with god remains so close. Christ is both fully diving and fully human in a manner compatible with what is present in the Joannine writings. Atonement:Significance of his death for salvation. One explanation for the curious affirmation that Jesus Christ came by water and blood and not water only. Author emphasizes the significance of Jesus’ baptism and crucifixion in the face of some who must have thought that only his baptism was important. Love:We should love one another and is repeated seven times. People love when they keep God’s commandments. People love one another when they imitate God and Jesus. Laying down their lives for others.People love when they use their material resources to provide for brothersand sisters who are in need. Analogous Heresies: problem is that some group were part of. Came in the flesh. List of possible analogues similar to the heresies of 1/2/3 john. Docetists: Christ was a divine being who only seemed to be human; could notreally suffer or die only appeared to.
Gnostics: Christ brought spiritual knowledge that would provide salvation froman evil material world. Rejected good being associated with flesh. Spiritually purified live without sin. Cerinthians: Believe Jesus and Christ one a human figure and the other a divine power. Christ departed from Jesus prior to crucifixion so Jesus’ death was of a mortal man. 27.2 Similarities between the Joannine Letter and the Gospel of JohnLight and darknessUnity of father and sonReferences to “the truth”Use of “Paraclete”Being hated by the worldGod sending Christ into he world out of loveJesus coming in the fleshChrist laying down his life for otherBeing born of GodKnowing GodAbiding in God/ChristNew and old commandmentsLoving one anotherWater and bloodThat joy may be complete Ch. 28 – Jude - Historical Background; Use of Apocryphal WritingsHistorical Background:One of the brothers of Jesus and came to believe Jesus only once the resurrection happened. Suggested that a pseudonymouswrite would have invoked a more prominent name. Could have been written at any time during the last half of the first century. Extensive use of Jewish traditions suggests that the letter of Jude is probably addressed to Jewish Christans. Use of Apocryphal Writings:Draws from writings not considered scripture from Jews or Christians. 1 Enoch is an apocalyptic Jewish writing from the third century BCE. Angels mated with earth women to produce giants and they were imprisoned by God for the Day of Judgment. Jude has an open or relaxed view regarding canon. Jude is questioned whether it should be