each path is describe as being great either way all paths are perfection way to

Each path is describe as being great either way all

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- each path is describe as being great either way – all paths are perfection way to achieve liberation Path of action [karma yoga] - Unattached action- not tied to your desire for the fruits of action - When Krishna urgers arjuna to go into the battle he says actions are not for yourself they are a sacrifice - Both senses of karma- acting in accordance with caste, and treating with sacrifice Path of knowledge [jnana yoga] - This is the path in the upanashads - Not knowledge from reading books - Its knowledge from direct personal experience of the divine - The image of Krishna as the charioteer- the symbol of being one with the divine
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- Our atman is actually one with the divine - Requires intense effort and a teacher Path of devotional love [*bhakti yoga] “Even if the most sinful person resolves to worship Me with single-minded loving devotion, such a person must be regarded as a saint because of making the right resolution. Such a person soon becomes righteous and attains everlasting peace. Be aware, O Arjuna, that My devotee never falls down. Anybody, including women, merchants, laborers, and the evil-minded can attain the supreme goal by just surrendering unto My will (with loving devotion), O Arjuna” (BG 9:30-32) - The development of a personal relationship between individual and the divine (in this case Krishna) - The most accessible of the 3 - Just surrender onto the divines will - Open to women (most things were not open to women) - Women could achieve liberation as well The Divine as a Personal Saviour Cares about people and wants them to achieve liberation - The individual can exist in eternity with loving divine (Krishna in this place) Krishna’s theophany - describes Krishna desending into world and showing true for the arjuna and its SCARY- true form is associated with creation and destruction of the universe Death in devotional Hinduism Post-Vedic period: worship of Vishnu, Shiva, and Devi - Prior gods were less worshipped - Krishna is an avatar and a form of Vishnu - Devi is goddess - All major gods have female form and it’s a manifestation of devi - All diverse divontal religions are unified by a primary factor that is they are all focused on bhakti Path of * bhakti → personal connection with and worship of the chosen deity- the devotional love - Individuals or families being able to establish personal relationships making offers themselves without Brahmin - Mythos of gods are homologous of each other (everything is still brahama)- the sun, stars and moon - Their chosen diety encompasses all other deities- it’s a manifestation of their chose deity Goal: posthumous reunion with God (one of the 3 main gods) - Eternal blissful contemplation of their chosen god
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Life in heaven and hell doesn’t last forever- the world will end and creation will begin again Fear: posthumous punishment in * naraka -the hells - Hells corrospond to sins you committed in life - Failing to live up to darhma and moral obligations Religious legal text Manu But (men of the four) castes who have relinquished without the pressure of necessity their proper occupations, will become the servants of Dasyus, after migrating into despicable bodies.
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