All the same race should be in one nation renans

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the basis of a common or "pure race". All the same race should be in one nation. Renan's critique was that everyone was all a little mixed in France. Only 1 out of 10 frenchmen can trace their ancestry back to the Francs Michelet on the French Revolution This is an example of historians skewing history. Michelet writes about the French Revolution 50 years after attempting to express what the revolutionaries really wanted to achieve. In doing so he imposes his ideas on the nation. Revisionist history Also can be called "reverse ventriloquism," this is the idea of historians changing history to fit their needs. They would put words in historial figures' mouths and force unification amongst the people in the past in order to further a sense of anational identity. “Spiritual principle” of a nation The part of Renan's speech where he "looses steam." He argued that in order to truly define a nation you must look for "spiritual bonds" between people. You must look into common suffering, as grief imposes duties and requires common effort. Rhetoric of shared suffering A belief that there is a shared sense of grief or suffering that bonds a nation. Renan said that spiritual principle is found in shared suffering .... one example of this is in Germany National identity as a “daily plebiscite” Renan's idea for the only way to legitimately have a nation. You must poll citizens daily on what nation they want to belong to. Zionism and the Specter of Nationalism The Dreyfus Affair 1894 Dreyfus was a Jew Jew was put to trial for treason /spying for Germany and was later found innocent. He was actually the symbol or all Jews. From this trial led to anti-semitism taking on nationalist characteristics. France Antisemitism on the rise and Jews were viewed as the bad guys. Led Thedor Herzl to conclude that Jews could never be fully assimilated into European society, they need a state of their own somewhere else. 12
Who? What? Where? When? Why? (Why is this significant?) Wilhelm Marr “Anti-Semitism” Marr lamented the assimilation and ascendency of Jews in Europe and used certain rhetoric like “national suffering” in order to promote “anti- semitism” by inspiring the fear of Jews for Germans. He implied that Jews are not Germans. Recognizing the interest combination of nationalism and religion, he expressed fear that Germany was soon to be completely overrun by Jews, and that they would make it into the "New Palestine." Houston Chamberlain Houston Chamberlain’s 1914 Racial Warning in England. He had a fear of racial miscegenation of Jews in Christian communities. He made metaphors of the Jews penetrating European society and also explained that Jews were the only race to have kept their racial purity and feared the danger of “Pseudo-Hebraic mestizos”which were mixed Jewish and European peoples. Chamberlain was rejected in England so he moved to Germany.

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