Baltimore, Maryland, USA d. Paris, France Question 11 2 out of 2 points Newell and Simon were among the first to use computers in cognitive psychology. Their computer program Selected Answer: c. created proofs for problems in logic. Answers: a. introduced the first flow diagram. b. controlled presentation of visual stimuli during cognitive psychology experiments. c. created proofs for problems in logic. d. simulated human attention. Question 12 2 out of 2 points The scene of a human sitting at a computer terminal, responding to stimuli flashed on the computer screen, would most likely be described as depicting a(n) _________ experiment. Selected Answer: c. information processing Answers: a. behaviorist b. operant conditioning c. information processing d. analytic introspection Question 13 2 out of 2 points
The relationship between the _____ is NOT measured directly by cognitive psychologists. Selected Answer: a. cognitive task and the mental response Answers: a. cognitive task and the mental response b. cognitive task and the behavioral outcome c. cognitive task and the physiological response d. physiological response and the behavioral outcome Question 14 2 out of 2 points Which of the following stimuli were used in Ebbinghaus's "memory" experiment discussed in your text? Selected Answer: b. Three-letter nonsense words Answers: a. Common words b. Three-letter nonsense words c. Grey rectangles in front of light rectangles d. Light illuminated on the left or the right of a computer screen Question 15 2 out of 2 points Donders' measurement of reaction time is particularly important because it demonstrated the "time course" on which the mind operates. Donders found that it took ______ to decide which of two buttons to push in response to a stimulus. Selected Answer: c. less than one second Answers: a. more than five seconds b. two to five seconds c. less than one second d. between one and two seconds Question 16 2 out of 2 points
By comparing reaction times across different tasks, Donders was able to conclude how long the mind needs to perform a certain cognitive task. Donders interpreted the difference in reaction time between the simple and choice conditions of his experiment as indicating how long it took to Selected Answer: a. make a decision about the stimulus. Answers: a. make a decision about the stimulus. b. perceive the stimulus. c. attend to the stimulus. d. process the stimulus. Question 17 2 out of 2 points Which of the following methods, often associated with structuralism, was used in the psychology laboratory established by Wilhelm Wundt? Selected Answer: c. Analytic introspection Answers: a. Operant conditioning b. Classical conditioning c. Analytic introspection d. Measuring reaction times Question 18 2 out of 2 points Colin Cherry's experiment in which participants listen to two messages simultaneously, one in each ear, found all but which of the following?