Which of the following involves using one emotional

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306. Which of the following involves using one emotional state to block another, such as it being impossible to be anxious and relaxed at the same time? a. stimulus control b. reciprocal inhibition c. role reversal d. vicarious opposition ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.3 KEY: Fact 307. The concept of reciprocal inhibition refers to the fact that a. fears can be gradually adapted to new situations. b. the occurrence of one emotional state can prevent the occurrence of another. c. disinhibition works even when a patient vividly imagines steps of the hierarchy. d. punishment inhibits undesirable responses. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.3 KEY: Concept 308. Which of the following occurs when relaxation is induced to block fear during desensitization? a. systematic adaptation b. vicarious opposition c. stimulus control d. reciprocal inhibition ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.3 KEY: Concept 309. Learning exercises that produce total relaxation while experiencing disturbing items in a hierarchy of fear-provoking situations is based on a. reciprocal inhibition. b. aversion conditioning. c. vicarious conditioning. d. cognitive therapy. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult 70
REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.3 KEY: Concept 310. George is extremely afraid to ride elevators. His therapist treats George’s fear by gradually getting him accustomed to riding in elevators. The therapist begins by teaching George to relax. George then relaxes while standing close to the elevator and then relaxes while standing in an elevator with the doors open, and so on. The two processes taking place in the reduction of George’s fear are a. desensitization and reciprocal inhibition. b. desensitization and reflection. c. adaptation and aversion therapy. d. reciprocal inhibition and EMDR. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.3 KEY: Application 311. Kenny is a child who is afraid of the high diving board. Kenny’s fear is treated through desensitization using a rank ordered series of steps. This series of steps is known as a. the adaptation sequence. b. a fear hierarchy. c. reciprocal inhibition. d. aversion therapy. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: Behavior Therapies Based on Classical Conditioning-Healing by Learning OBJ: 13.6.4 KEY: Application

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