Attachment Sites for Tendons/Ligaments Tuberosity → elevated projection, with roughened surfaces Crest → prominent, narrow ridge Trochanter → large, irregular shaped process on femur Tubercle → rounded projection of process Epicondyle → Elevated area above a condyle Spine → slender, pointed projection
Depressions and Openings Meatus → bony canal Sinus → cavity within a bone Groove → narrow channel Fissure → slit-like opening Foramen → round or oval hole or opening
Vertebral Column Cervical 1-7 C1 → atlas C2 → axis Thoracic 8-20
Lumbar 21-26 Sacrum and Coccyx Four fused bones Thoracic Cage and Sternum Exercise 8 Exercise 9 Fibrous Joints Synarthroses: immovable joints Amphiarthrosis: slightly movable Diarthroses: freely movable joints Fibrous joints: bones held together firmly together by fibrous connective tissue Cartilaginous joints: bones held together by cartilage Synovial joints: fluid-filled cavity between bones Synovial joint classifications (all freely movable) Gliding: move back and forth,and side to side Hinge: monaxial Pivot: monaxial Ellipsoid (Condylar): biaxial Saddle: biaxial Ball and Socket: triaxial Shoulder Joint Coracoacromial ligament Coracoclavicular ligament Acromioclavicular ligament Elbow joint Annular ligament Ulnar collateral ligament Radial collateral ligament Articular capsule
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?
- Summer '08
- Epithelial and Connective Tissues