Changing as evidenced by the works of patrisia

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changing,asevidencedbytheworksofPatrisiaConzales(2012),JuanComez-Quinones(2012),andothersmentionedinthischapter.ThecontroversialissueofMexicanAmericanidentity,fluid,evolving,andattimescontradictory,informstheliteratureabouttheresilienceofmaizculture.Theeraofthelate1960sandearly1970swasatimewhenmanyChicanas/Chicanosviewedthemselvesashavinginheritedaglori-ousAztec past.Onthe otherhand,somesimplysawthemselvesasmestizo,notIndigenousatleastnotinthepresenttense.AfewChicana/ChicanoscholarssawthesesamepeoplesasIndigenousandgenerallyaspartofMesoamerica,albeitde-Indigenized.Howscholarsidentifythesegroups(orthemselves)hasimplicationsrelativetoculturalresilienceandthesurvivalof(maiz)storiesandnarratives.Duringthe1960s-1970s,Chicana/ChicanopopularculturewastypifiedbyexpressionsofIndigeneitybutnotwithintheframeworkconceivedbyFlorescano,BonfilBatalla,Broyles-Conzalez,andothers.MostacceptedtheBeringStraittheoryornarrativeofpeopleshavingmigratedfromAsiatothiscontinentsometwelvetotwentythousandyearsago.^®Inthisschema,theancestorsofIndigenousMexicanpeoplesslowlymigratedsouthwardintoMexico,eventuallydevelopingintotheOlmec,Mayan,andTolteccivilizations,withtheAztecs/MexicaarrivinginMexicolaterfromAztlan.^'^Chicanas/Chicanosbecametheinheritorsofthistimeline/frameworkand
spiritualColonization43narrative.TheywerenotcontextualizedasIndigenouspeoplesbutratherasdescendantsofIndigenouspeoples.Evenwhentheywereconceivedofasmestizos,theIndigenouspartoftheequationwasrelegatedtothepast.AsidefromArmandoRendonsChicanoManifesto(1971),manyschol-arspointtoRodolfoAcunaashavingoriginatedthisviewofChicanohis-toryascontinuousandunified.However,inthisinitialperiod,virtuallyallChicana/Chicanowritersandscholarswereassociatedwiththisnarrativeandcontextualization,anarrativethatincludedthestoryoftheancestorsofChicanosleavingAztlan.^®WhileAcunaisknownforhiswidelyher-aldedOccupiedAmerica(1999;firstedition1972),itwashisearlierwork,AMexicanAmericanChronicle(1971),thatputforththeAztlannarrative.LaterscholarshipbyChicanas/ChicanosbegantomoveawayfromtheideathatallMexicanshadmigratedfromAztlan.Indigeneitywasbrushedoffasromanticizedorculturallynationalistichistory,orasapplyingonlytoMexicosculturallyisolatedpopulations.^^Thisparadigmaticshiftresultedinadramaticde-emphasisofIndigeneitywithinChicana/Chicanostud-ies.RecentexceptionsincludetheworksofD.Carrasco(1990),Anzaldua(1987),Elizondo(1988),Broyles-Gonzalez(1994),Velez-Ibafiez(1996),Vigil(1998),Menchaca(2001),Maestas(2003),Hernandez-Avila(2000),andRConzales(2007,2012).

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Term
Fall
Professor
Acuna
Tags
Colonialism, Mexican American

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