Applying Plato's Metaphysics Harper is a philosophy major who is debating with her roommates about the nature of humanity. According to Plato, what makes Harper a human being, and not something else? A.)Harper understands the essence of humanity. B.)Harper has the ability to ground her knowledge in reality. C.)Harper participates in the Form of Human. D.)Harper has an informed opinion about what it means to be a human. C.)Correct.
This statement reflects Plato's argument that Forms are essences that ground all truth. An object is an object because it participates in the Form of that object. Charlie owns a small, skinny dog named Spot that bystanders often mistake for a cat. According to Plato, what causes Charlie's dog Spot to be a dog and not a cat? A.)Spot fits his owner's belief of what a dog should look like. B.)Spot is classified in the same genus and species as other dogs. C.)The Form of Dog is the reason Spot exists as a dog. D.)Spot chooses to embody the essence of a dog. C.)Correct. This statement reflects Plato's argument that Forms are essences that ground all truth. A dog is a dog because it participates in the Form of Dog. Kara is a political activist who protests against animal cruelty by boycotting products that are tested on animals. According to Plato, what determines whether Kara's act is just? A.)It is a just act if Kara truly believes that it is a just act. B.)The essence of justice determines whether or not the act is just. C.)If the majority of people decide that the act is just, it is just. D.)An act can be considered just if it promotes kindness. B.)Correct. This statement correctly applies Plato's argument that Forms are essences that ground all truth. An act is just because it participates in the Form (or essence) of Justice. The Footnotes to Plato Which of the following is a way in which Plato has impacted history and society? A.)He was the first philosopher to equate philosophy with rhetoric. B.)He reoriented philosophy away from ethics and epistemology and towards cosmology and natural philosophy.
C.)He proved that mathematics is a human invention that transcends culture. D.)He taught Aristotle and started the Academy, a center of learning in ancient Athens. D.)Correct. This is indeed one of Plato's most significant historical contributions. Which of the following is a way in which Plato has impacted history and society? A.)His work drew distinctions between important endeavors, including philosophy, and empty pursuits, including rhetoric. B.)He was the first philosopher to study the biological and physical sciences in the way we study them today. C.)His doctrine of Permanence had a profound influence on later philosophers. D.)He introduced a method of philosophical investigation that uses dialectic to uncover truth.
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