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agriculture, industry, and the government that were traditionally held by men. (Hewitt & Lawson, 2017) (Hewitt & Lawson, 2017) Many women looked to assist during the war by serving as nurses, spies, couriers, and even soldiers, in "gathering supplies, and lobbying to influence government policies."(Hewitt & Lawson, 2017) They also "organized relief efforts on that the federal government organized the U. S. Sanitary Commission to coordinate their efforts.""By 1862 tens of thousands of women had volunteered funds and assistance through hundreds of local chapters across the North and Midwest." (Hewitt & Lawson, 2017) From hosting fund-raising fairs, and coordinating sewing and knitting circles, and sending supplies to the front lines.Due to shortages on medical staffing, some female nurses and doctors were accepted into northern hospitals and field camps. Leading the way with those efforts were Clara Barton, Mary
Ann "Mother" Bickerdyke and Dr. Mary Walker, "northern women almost entirely replaced men as military nurses by the end of the war. The women in the South also took over the medical care,