understood to save a life or to reduce one’s suffering. Rogers insists that individuals are morethan the sum of their parts. Each human being has value intrinsic to his or herself that cannot beunderstood through mere knowledge of the human. According to Smith & Watson, (2001), Rogers’ Theory of Unitary Human Beings definesa person as a unit that functions as a whole but not in parts. This wholeness can create a patternof change in which every part of the whole contributes a significant amount of energy to realizethe change. Thus the interaction of people within the environment has a major effect on thehealth and wellbeing of an individual. According to Rogers, health is a life process, and everyperson has his/her revenue earned health potential. However, many factors can hinder the abilityof an individual to achieve maximum health potential. Some of these factors lie within theenvironment while others can be attributed to personal indulgences. This forms a key reason asto why people need to make appointments with clinical officers to get advice on how to managehealth and maintain healthy patterns of life.Moreover, Rogers’ theory has pinpointed three critical steps for nurses to apply whilecaring for patients. The first step is assessing the medical conditions of patients, followed bydeveloping a voluntary pattern and, finally, evaluation. The Rogers theory is therefore ideal forthis project because it delves deeper into bringing the wholeness of life as a unit of its kind. Italso highlights the functions that nurses can perform to ensure that a patient’s health is cared forand maintained through clinical visits and medical appointments. Caring for someone requiresknowledge in many things, and this can be specific and general.Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. Jean Watson developed the caring theory to helpenhance nursing practice, management, and education. Watson believes that health professionals
30make social, moral and scientific contributions to humankind and that nurses’ caring ideally canaffect human development (Wagner, 2017). Besides, caring goes beyond just caring for a patentbut also caring for oneself (Watson, 2006). The deep caring that emerges in a transpersonalhuman caring moment aligns with what many have felt like a nurse; to support others on theirhealing journey (Horton-Deutsch & Ironside, 2016). Nurses and patients should share caringmoments that become bigger than either the nurse or the patient, and the nurse potentiateshealing by involving their humanity (Watson, 2006). In these "caring moments," life istranscended, and the moment becomes part of both the patient and the nurse's life (Watson,2006).
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