They asked state governments to send delegates to Philadelphia 12 states sent

They asked state governments to send delegates to

This preview shows page 7 - 11 out of 16 pages.

-They asked state governments to send delegates to Philadelphia -12 states sent their delegates except Rhodes Island -The delegates thought the main problem was the central government had not enough power -Delegates --all were attorneys or businessmen --all influenced by enlightenment and read lots of books about law --they all could read and write -9/13 from delegates and 13/13 from states agree then it was ok to change the Articles of Confederation -They sent the congress their new documents (the constitution) and waited for the result of vote -13 state governments = state ratifying conventions (1787-1788)
Image of page 7
-It is not good to write constitution by only one class -The new constitution seemed will not be passed by 1788 -George Washington was the president of this convention -Time consuming and lots of discussion & debate -Madison promise that the government would try very best and make other believed and passed the constitution -9/13 of states ratified the new constitution then the would be passed -By 1788, 9 states ratified the new constitution U.S. Constitution -The Articles of Confederation was banned in 1788 -The old American government was cancelled in 1788 -The new American government setup in 1789 -The U.S. Constitution is little document with 7 articles -Preamble --to perfect the union --purpose of the government -Article I --legislative branch (U.S. Congress) --make national laws -Article II --executive branch (U.S. president) --carry out national laws -Article III --judicial branch (courts and judges) --interpret national laws -Article IV
Image of page 8
--explain the relationship between state governments and central government --every country all over world is unitary system ---has central or national government --they decide form federation government ---central government is sovereign ---each of state government is also sovereign -Article V --amendment process -Article VI --explain the relationship between state governments and central government --more description of Article IV -Article VII --9 of 13 state have to ratify the constitution -Documents with lots of compromise -- between big states and small states in terms of population ---numbers of people come from each states into legislative branch ---2 chamber: U.S. House + U.S. Senate ---government runs census every ten years to get the population of every state ---U.S. House is based on population in every states ---U.S. Senate has two delegates from each states -- slavery issue between southern and northern states ---started in Jamestown Colony ---at that time all the states had slaves ---northern states preferred to eliminate slavery ---northern states owned small amounts of slaves ---southern states owned large amounts of slaves
Image of page 9
because of agricultural needs ---three places in the Constitution mentioned slavery issue without using "slavery" ----"all others" would be counted 3/5 person during census but southern state need to pay more tax (until 1870) (AI S2) ----people could not outlaw slave trade after 1808 (AI S9) ----if slave flee into a non-slavery state, then he had to be returned(AIV) -- national government needed to be more powerful not not too powerful ---separation the power into legislative, executive and judicial branch ---each branch has power over other branches ---checks and balance makes government run more difficult but not dangerous to people and democracy -- confederation and federation
Image of page 10
Image of page 11

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 16 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes