The organization because there is increased

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the organization because there is increased dependency Immediacy- how immediate is the effect of uncertainty, the more immediate uncertainty effects the organization the more power you can have over the organization
Substitutability The more difficult it is to substitute you in the organization the more power you have over the organization Compare to Emerson's Power Dependence Model Value and Alternative = Centrality and Substitutability iClicker A network analyst has more pervasiveness over Brown because students rely on them for internet access without them people would not be able to rely on internet connection Heating and Cooling maintenance has more immediate effects on Brown student life The Economics Department at Brown is less substitutable because no one else at Brown can do Economics like the Economics Department. Sociology on the other hand spans across multiple disciplines therefore professors can teach in an array of academic disciplines Resource Dependence Theory (Political Macro Level) Exchange relations create power and balance between organizations Jeff Pfeffer & Gerald Salancik (1978)The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective Inter-organizational power at the "organizational set" level of analysis View of the environment Environment as a web of resource flows (like organizational ecology) Organization as strategic actors (like competitive strategy) Strategy as a power game (like power dependence) efforts to proactively exert power over other actors and organization Environmental Interdependence Imbalance of vulnerability Unbalanced interdependence gives the less dependent party a power advantage because people are more dependent on you Dominant organizations will be able to apply uncertainties and costs onto subordinate organizations Bases of Inter-Organizational Power Resource Importance Similar to "value" in Power Dependence Theory Resources become important when losing resources or having access interrupted increases uncertainties within the organization Concentration of resource control
Similar to "alternatives" in Power Dependence Theory Monopolistic holders of resource can hold much harsher conditions than if there was an abundance of suppliers within a market Discretion over resources use know what to do with a resource they possess that other agents can't get elsewhere Responses to Resource Dependence Organizations seek to control their environment in order to avoid being controlled by their environment Strategies Organization attempts to control the demands that are placed on it and to control the evaluations of their organization Using different dimensions of power to determine what other organizations demand of and expect from the organization Work hard to keep truly inhibiting demands out to the public arena -- Occupy Wall Street Movement is an example Reduce vulnerability Buffer- reducing criticality of critical resources, creating a stockpile to avoid

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