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An increase in the number of publications on counselling by ACA, commercial publishers, and ERIC/CASS (Counselling and Student Services Clearinghouse).
The process of counselingThe growth of Chi Sigma Iota to over 200 chapters and 20,000 members.Growth of state counsellor licensure laws.Current Trends in the 21stCentury:In21stcentury, thecounselingprofession isimpactedbyglobalizationandtechnology. The changing roles of men and women, innovations in media and technology, poverty, homelessness, trauma, loneliness, and aging, among other topics, captured counselling’s attention as the new century began.Among the most pressing topics was dealing with:Violence, trauma, and crises; Managed care; Wellness; Social justice; Technology; Leadership; and Identity.Dealing with Violence, trauma, and crises:oViolence results when one or more parties address conflict in terms of win–lose tactics. In the United States concerns about conflict and safety from both a prevention and treatment standpoint have emerged in the past couple of decades from a rash of school shootings.oTrauma is a normal response to a very abnormal situation. “Natural disasters, ongoing wars, terrorist attacks, plane crashes, school violence and abuse are among the most widely recognized causes of trauma.oIn the area of dealing with trauma, a renewed emphasis has been focused in recent years on the treatment of stress and both acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stressdisorder(PTSD).oCounsellors who are employed in the area of working with ASD or PTSD clients needspecialized training to help these individuals. Crises often last in people’s minds long after the events that produced them. Crisis counselling as well as long-term counselling services are often needed, especially with individuals who have PTSD.The Challenge of Managed Care:“Managed care involves a contractual arrangement between a mental health professional anda third party, the managed care company, regarding the care and treatment of the first party, the client”.Managed care has advanced the counselling profession by including counsellors on both managed care boards and as providers of services. The challenge for counsellors in the future is to find ways to either work more effectively with managed care companies or work outsidesuch companies and still be major players in the mental health arena.Promoting Wellness:Wellness involves many aspects of life including the physical, intellectual, social, psychological, emotional, and environmental. Myers, Sweeney, and Witmer (2000) define wellness as a way of life oriented toward optimal health and well-being in which body, mind,
The process of counselingand spirit are integrated by the individual to live life more fully within the human and natural community.A model for promoting wellness has been developed by Myers et al. (2000). It revolves around five life tasks: spirituality, self-direction, work and leisure, friendship, and love.