Prior to administering a dose of 5-FU to a patient with pancreatic cancer, the nurse is conducting the necessary drug research. The nurse is aware that 5- FU is a cell cycle–specific chemotherapeutic agent. Which of the following statements best describes cell cycle–specific drugs? A. They achieve a synergistic e ff ect when administered in combination with cell cycle–nonspecific drugs. B. They follow a specific sequence of cytotoxic events in order to achieve cell death. C.They a ff ect cancerous cells and normal body cells in a similar manner. D. They a ff ect cancerous cells during a particular phase of cellular reproduction. QUESTION 12 1 points Saved A woman with an inflammatory skin disorder has begun taking prednisone in an e ff ort to control the signs and symptoms of her disease. The nurse who is providing care for this patient should prioritize which of the following potential nursing diagnoses in the organization of the patient's care? A. Constipation B. Acute Confusion C.Impaired Gas Exchange QUESTION 13 1 points Saved Saved
10/15/17, 3)31 PM Take Test: Week 7 - Quiz – NURS-6521N-26,Advanced ... Page 5 of 10 D. Fluid Volume Excess A patient who is postoperative day one following a metatarsal amputation is experiencing nausea and vomiting. Consequently, the nurse has administered an intravenous dose of metoclopramide. This drug will relieve the patient's nausea by A. blocking the e ff ect of histamine at H 2 receptors. B. stimulating the motility of the patient's upper GI tract. C.raising the pH of the patient's gastric contents. D. eradicating H. Pylori bacteria from the patient's stomach. QUESTION 14 1 points Saved Saved A patient on 5-FU calls the clinic and reports that he has between five and seven loose bowel movements daily. The nurse will instruct the patient to A. treat the diarrhea with OTC medications. B. avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice. C.avoid protein-rich foods. D. notify the clinic if the stools are black or if there is evidence of blood. QUESTION 15 1 points Saved Saved A nurse is providing discharge instructions to a patient who will be taking fludrocortisone at home. The nurse will encourage the patient to eat a diet that is A. low in sodium and potassium. B. high in iron. C.low in proteins. D. low in sodium, high in potassium. QUESTION 16 1 points Saved Saved A clinic nurse is planning care for a 68-year-old man who has been on omeprazole (Prilosec) therapy for heartburn for some time. Regarding the patient's safety, which of the following would be a priority nursing action? A. Emphasize that the drug should not be crushed or chewed. B. Teach the patient to take omeprazole 1 hour before meals. C.Monitor the patient for the development of diarrhea.
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