Moral objectivism viewed based on their cultures

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Moral Objectivism: Viewed based on their cultures views, or personal beliefs Moral absolutism Certain categories of action that are always right or always wrong Example: Clarissa, a moral absolutist, might say, “ It is always wrong for a husband to divorce his wife, unless she asks for a divorce” Moral Particularism: Specific actions are right or wrong, but there are always exceptions to any moral rule Example: Melinda, a moral particularist, would say, “ there is no way to generalize. We have to ask a lot of detailed questions about John’s case before we make a decision”
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter A person can be a moral objectivist but not a moral absolutist Moral significance Basic contrast: Morally significant vs. morally indifferent Moral significance: A particular action is morally right or morally wrong Clarissa says, “albert is morally obligated to spend that money on his children, not on charity” Darien says, “albert is morally obligated to spend that money on charity, not his children” Moral indifference: In a particular case, it is neither morally right nor morally wrong to take a particular action Tolerance Basic contrast: obligated to tolerate, not obligated to tolerate Obligated to tolerate: it would be morally wrong not to let another person take the action Clarissa: We out to allow michael to divorce is wife, even though it is wrong to do so Not obligated to tolerate: it is morally acceptable to stop a person from making an action A person can believe in moral objectivism and also believe in very strong obligations to tolerate objectively wrong behaviour A person can be a moral objectivist and still believe that: There are no absolute moral rules There are a wide range of actions that are morally indifferent We should tolerate a very wide range of actions A person can be a cultural relativist and still believe that: There are absolute moral rules There are very few actions that are morally indifferent Members of our culture should tolerate very few actions that violate the standards of our culture Arguments in Favour Cultural relativism does not fully recognize the injustice done to people Cultural relativism tends to undermine necessary societal rules On the surface, this is the way that people normally talk about morality First objection Cultural relativism leads to obviously false conclusions If cultural relativism were true, then slavery was morally acceptable for white alabamans in 1800 Second objection Cultural relativism makes progress impossible If culutral relativism is ture, then slavery was morally acceptable for white alabamans in 1800 Personal Theory Underlying assumption: A belief that progress is inevitable Third Objection Ethical subjectivism does not account for disagreement When hohn do says that something is right and richard roe says
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Intro into Ethics
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  • Fall '19
  • Jacob Affolter

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