A union soldier was 3x more likely to die in camp or

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- A Union soldier was 3X more likely to die in camp or in a hospital than he was to be killed on the battlefield. 1000s of woman on both sides volunteered to care for the sick and wounded. Who was Clara Barton? Created the Red Cross
III. The Tide of War Turns A. Victories for General Lee Lincoln removed McClellan after Antietam in favor of General Ambrose Burnside, but the results were the same. 1. The Battle of Fredericksburg – December 13, 1862 Burnside’s plan was simple – march his 122,000 men straight toward Richmond and Lee let the Union army come right at him. What happened when Burnside attacked? Many casualties: 5,000 for South, 13,000 for North 2. The Battle of Chancellorsville – May 1, 1863 Burnside then resigned and Lincoln gave the command to Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker who decided to attack the Confederate rear. Lee, with the help of JEB Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, outmaneuvered and surprised Hooker and by May 5, crushed the Union army. However, what was the big loss of the Confederacy at Chancellorsville? “Stonewall” Jackson died B. The Battle of Gettysburg The crushing defeats at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville were the low point of the war for the Union and the mood in Washington was dark. Lee now decided to invade the North again and hoped that a major Confederate victory on Union soil would push the Union into giving up the war. 1. July 1, 1863 – Day 1 at Gettysburg Confederate troops entered the town of Gettysburg looking for shoes and they ran into Union cavalry and the monumental battle started. Each army took up positions on a series of hills. - General George Meade was in charge of the Union Army now. - Lee was confident after Day 1 but his second-in-command General James Longstreet was cautious – WHY? B/c the Union was in a good/strong position 2. July 2, 1863 – Day 2 at Gettysburg Longstreet delayed his attack and this allowed for Meade to bring up more Union reinforcements. What was the importance of Colonel Joshua Chamberlain?
Lee sent 3 divisions of soldiers (5000 each), including General George Pickett, at the Union position on Cemetery Ridge. - The Union artillery rained shells down on the Confederate charge - The Union riflemen waited until the charge was 200 yards away and opened fire; it was over in about 30 minutes. What were the results of the Battle of Gettysburg? Union won. South had 28,000 casualties. North had 23,000 casualties. C. Vicksburg While armies clashed in the East, a Union force in the West struggled to capture the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi; which was key to controlling the Mississippi.

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