The Tide of War Turns
Victories for General Lee
Lincoln removed McClellan after Antietam in favor of General Ambrose Burnside, but the results
were the same.
The Battle of Fredericksburg – December 13, 1862
Burnside’s plan was simple – march his 122,000 men straight toward Richmond and Lee let
the Union army come right at him.
What happened when Burnside attacked? Many casualties: 5,000 for South, 13,000 for North
The Battle of Chancellorsville – May 1, 1863
Burnside then resigned and Lincoln gave the command to Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker who
decided to attack the Confederate rear.
Lee, with the help of JEB Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, outmaneuvered and surprised
Hooker and by May 5, crushed the Union army.
However, what was the big loss of the Confederacy at Chancellorsville?
The Battle of Gettysburg
The crushing defeats at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville were the low point of the war for the
Union and the mood in Washington was dark.
Lee now decided to invade the North again and hoped that a major Confederate victory on Union soil
would push the Union into giving up the war.
July 1, 1863 – Day 1 at Gettysburg
Confederate troops entered the town of Gettysburg looking for shoes and they ran into Union
cavalry and the monumental battle started.
Each army took up positions on a series of hills.
General George Meade was in charge of the Union Army now.
Lee was confident after Day 1 but his second-in-command General James Longstreet was
cautious – WHY?
B/c the Union was in a good/strong position
July 2, 1863 – Day 2 at Gettysburg
Longstreet delayed his attack and this allowed for Meade to bring up more Union
What was the importance of Colonel Joshua Chamberlain?