75%(4)3 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 14 - 17 out of 35 pages.
Interactional efforts that we take control how others see us Effect of everyday interactionsFace: image you try to present to the rest of the world and you want them to accept itLine: the way you try to convey that face The application of face and lines makes smooth interactionsUnit 3: Deviance and Social ControlDeviance: violating the norms of a particular group of people at a particular point in time Can change over timeMost people attribute it to sickness or aversionoMaybe coming from childhoodCan be psychotic or biological (ex. Alcohol gene)Deviance can be exoticIn the absence of mechanical solidarity, deviance can ariseoExotic/deviant in one place and normal in anotherFather of Criminology: Cesare Lombroso Italian physician – exhumed dead bodies of prisoners Found criminals had atavistic stigmata- Atavism refers to Lombroso’s theory that while most individuals evolve,some devolve, becoming primitive or “atavistic”These evolutionary “throwback” are “born criminals,” the most violent criminals in society. Born criminals could be identified through their atavistic stigmata Cultural Relativism:individual behavior should only be judged in the context of that culture Example:Robert Park & Ernest B. – in Chicago they assumed life was less stable and more conflictual rather than in the rural (Social Organization Theory)Concentric zones theory of city development:14I: Central Business District: Commerce/Industry, non-residential areaII: Factory ZoneIII: Transitional Zone: immigrants, poor prone to social organizationalIV: Working Class/residential zoneV: Affluent Residential Zone
conformity (ex. going to shcool, get education)innovation (most common): want goals but dont use institutional means to get them (ex. prostitution)ritualism (least common) (ex. middlemen in moderaely paying jobs, college students have no drive for colloge but still do it)retreatism --> social outcast: people withdrawn from social life "true aliens" (ex. homeless, monks)institutionalized means SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 – Aaron Hoy III:The Transitional Zone: (kind of organic solidarity)Due to cheap housing and rentals people are not invested in communitiesThey wanted to move outMajor diversity more culture coming into contact (breeding hostility) no emotional connections Building weaker relationships when people don’t stay ROBERT K. MURTIN Can always find in culture1.Cultural goals (what to strive for)2.Institutionalized means ways you can achieve those aspirationsA well balanced society synchronizes these and where there is a mismatch between them we can find anomie (no regulation) and devianceInstitutionalized Means:(only explains some deviance- limitation)15IVIIIIIIRejectAcceptPeople who peruse new goals with new means (ex. Hippies who lived in communes)Cultural Goals AcceptOn the Final ExamReject
SOC 101: Introduction to Sociology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2015 – Aaron Hoy