The Maitland Commission Peripheral nations were discourages from pushing through their concerns at the ITUoThey realized there would be other global meetings sponsored by the ITU at which they could state their case and make gains in their progress toward a fairer share of the radio spectrum and orbital parking spaces oMany nations applied pressure on them and called in return favors to insure that an orderly spectrum remained intact, especially for satellites oAlmost all nations have some type of domestic system and want to see it continue operating oDivergent and often conflicting national interests prevent the formation of a powerful orchestrated voting bloc In the 1980s, Sir Donald Maitland from the UK made an independent commission forworld wide telecommunication development oThe report addressed the inequities in the distribution of telecommunications systems and services between core and other nations oThey thought it wasn’t fair that in the western industrialized world that individuals enjoy the use of more than one telephone per two people when some of the world live in comparative isolationoThe commission argued that although telecommunications systems were once considered a luxury, they are now viewed as essential components of developmentThe absence of a system where information cannot be sent and received in a timely manner undermines the process of development Follow-Up to the Maitland Report In the future, the ITU meetings would now have to take into account peripheral nations’ concerns about issues such as access to and equitable distribution of the radio spectrum
The report focused on the inequalities between nations, particularly in the fact that core nations control telecommunications, research, manufacturing and fiscal resourcesNew major issues emerged involving the role of private telecommunications sector within ITU’s decision-making apparatus, along with discussions about the privatization of major stakeholders such as Comsat and Intelstat Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization was formed in 1965 to provide international satellite communication services It was controlled and owned by 144 member nations In the mid 1960s it launched the world’s first communication satellite and by 1969 itwas providing coverage of the moon landing to an audience estimated to exceed 500 million peopleIntelsat Competition Several companies now provide satellite-centric telecommunications services to a range of clients and compete directly with Intelsat for high volume users and transoceanic telecommunications business There’s also fibre-optic systems (they have exceptional broadband width and reliability of speed) Eutelsat Communications Established in 1977 to operate satellite systems in Europe and elsewhere oOffers a broad range of broadcasting services InmarsatFounded in 1979 – began providing ships at sea with telephone service via satellite Based in the UK
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 6 pages?
- Winter '16
- Helen Hambly
- World Trade Organization, International Telecommunication Union, ITU, communications satellite, peripheral nations