Answer 1 florence nightingale environmental theory

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Answer- 1) Florence Nightingale- Environmental Theory First nursing theorist Unsanitary conditions posed health hazard (Notes on Nursing, 1859) 5 components of environment ventilation, light, warmth, effluvia, noise External influences can prevent, suppress or contribute to disease or death. Nightingale’s Concepts I. Person- o Patient who is acted on by nurse o Affected by environment o Has reparative powers II. Environment- o Foundation of theory. Included everything, physical, psychological, and social III. Health- o Maintaining well-being by using a person’s powers o Maintained by control of environment IV. Nursing- o Provided fresh air, warmth, cleanliness, good diet, quiet to facilitate person’s reparative process 2) Hildegard Peplau -Interpersonal Relations Model Based on psychodynamic nursing using an understanding of one’s own behavior to help others identify their difficulties Applies principles of human relations Patient has a felt need Peplau’s Concepts I. Person- o An individual; a developing organism who tries to reduce anxiety caused by needs
Practice nursing within the Australian health care 16
o Lives in instable equilibrium II. Environment- o Not defined III. Health- o Implies forward movement of the personality and human processes toward creative, constructive, productive, personal, and community living IV. Nursing- o A significant, therapeutic, interpersonal process that functions cooperatively with others to make health possible o Involves problem-solving [ CITATION Nur11 \l 2057 ] Q26. Briefly describe the functions of Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation?
Q27. Allocation of health resources to one geographic area or group is an example of? Choose only one answer.
Q28. What effect does the concentration of power and resources in a minority of the population generally have on the health of country as a whole? Choose only one correct answer.

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