LIN200 Week 15 Day 2+ - final exam review

Is ebonics a separate language or merely a dialect of

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Is Ebonics a separate language, or “merely” a dialect of English? Should teachers be respectful of the way African American children speak even though it is not standard English? Or is it better to discourage students from speaking nonstandard varieties altogether? Is it important for teachers to be knowledgeable about AAVE in order to successfully teach African American students to speak standard English?
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What is Political correctness? Examples of PC terms: visually impaired, blended family (house-holds with children from several relationships), and ethnic origin terms, such as African-American . Non-PC terms are considered by some not only to be offensive, but to create or reinforce a perception of minority groups as unequal to the majority. Does using PC terms actually change the way people feel about the underlying issues? A) yes B) no
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What is framing? Conservatives Metaphor: Tax relief activates TAX = AFFLICTION Liberals New Metaphor: Country Club dues activates TAX = MEMBERSHIP FEE (Lakoff, 2004)
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What is Linguistic profiling? As we know, not all people in a particular social category speak in the same way. But, there are ways of speaking associated with particular social categories. Listeners inevitably use their sociolinguistic knowledge to make guesses about the social categories that the speaker belongs to. Sometimes, this can guide their behavior in negative ways.
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Where does linguistic discrimination happen? At work In government In the media At school In the housing market In medical situations
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Attitude vs. ideology Attitude : an opinion, held by an individual Ideology : a belief system or body of ideas (held and perpetuated by a group of people)
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Elements of language subordination 1) seizing authority Being in charge of schools Making employment decisions Writing dictionaries and style books 2) mystification Making complicated rules and then “teaching” them to people 3) misinformation
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Phonological Assimilation Strategies to pronounce words involving sounds that are not available in one’s native language To substitute the sounds with a closest available sound in his/her native language To insert a weak vowel to break down consonant clusters i.e. Korean and Japanese do not allow consonant clusters
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Chinese Language Distinctive tones: 4 tones (Mandarin) Simpler vowel inventory: [i, , a, y, u] ə Homophone density: ambiguity resolved by tone , compounding or context Lack of polysyllabic words Dual vocabulary
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TA Evaluations It’s time for TA Evaluations! Please fill out an evaluation of whichever TA you had most contact with You can fill out evaluations of both of them if you want Make sure to write down which TA you are evaluating! Bring your filled-in evaluations up before you leave Thank you!
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For next time Final exam! Bring a #2 pencil!
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Is Ebonics a separate language or merely a dialect of...

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