By describing these tragic events notably the

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By describing these tragic events (notably, the destruction of Thunder-ten-Tronckh’s castle and killing of his family), Voltaire might raise multiple issues. Firstly, he demonstrated the cruelty of war and devastation, which fighting army inflict on the civilian population. Secondly, he rejected the notion that people can reject objective reality or isolate themselves from ailments of the real world. Thirdly, Voltaire wanted to ridicule and refute so-called Leibnizian optimism. Indeed, the philosophical principles, which Pangloss teaches to Candide at the beginning of the book, recreates main theses of radical optimism promoted by Leibniz who used this doctrine to justify the apparent imperfections of this world. By confronting initially idealist characters with harsh reality, Voltaire helped readers to understand the true extent of the immaturity of such beliefs and their detachment from the objective reality. In such a way, Voltaire showed that they had to acknowledge and address real-life problems instead of trying to justify them.
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Last Name 2 Works Cited Voltaire. Candide: or, All for the Best .
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