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Juvenileselderly psychopharmacology 1 5 children

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Juveniles/Elderly & Psychopharmacology1-5 children between ages 5 to 17 may have some type of mental disorderIncrease in numbers could be due to increased awareness of mental health in society orchanges in criterion used for diagnosingOnly a few psychotropic drugs have been tested for safety/efficacy withchildren/adolescents
ASUS Review: PSYC 100 Review Booklet41Metabolism of drugs is often slowed forelderly populations (less drug = sameeffect or too much of a drug = many sideeffects)Dizziness (side effect) can cause falling(greater risk for elderly) and may reducebone densityWeek 5 Questions:5.1:Which is the most common type of neuron?
5.2:Which are the correct ions of relevance in inter- and extracellular fluid?
5.3:Which of the following is not an example of a steroid hormone?
5.4:What is the most common route of drug administration?1.Inhalation2.Intravenous3.Oral4.Intramuscular
Week 6 Definitions:The BrainAblation –surgical removal of brain tissueBasal ganglia –subcortical structures of the cerebral hemispheres involved in voluntarymovementBrain stem –the “trunk” of the brain comprised of the medulla, pons, midbrain, anddiencephalonCallosotomy –surgical procedure in which the corpus callosum is severed (used to control severeepilepsy)Case study –a thorough study of a patient (or a few patients) with naturally occurring lesionsCerebellum –the distinctive structure at the back of the brain, Latin for “small brain”
ASUS Review: PSYC 100 Review Booklet42Cerebral cortex –the outermost gray matter of the cerebrum; the distinctive convolutionscharacteristic of the mammalian brainCerebral hemisphere –the cerebral cortex, underlying white matter, and subcortical structuresCerebrum –usually refers to the cerebral cortex and associate white matter, but in some textsincludes the subcortical structuresContralateral –“opposite side”; used to refer to the fact that the two hemispheres of the brainprocess sensory information and motor commands for the opposite side of the bodyConverging evidence –similar findings reported from multiple studies using different methodsDiffuse optical imaging (DOI) –a neuroimaging technique that infers brain activity bymeasuring changes in light as it is passed through the skull and surface of the brainElectroencephalography (EEG) –a neuroimaging technique that measures electrical brainactivity via multiple electrodes on the scalpFrontal lobe –the front most (anterior) part of the cerebrum; anterior to the central sulcus andresponsible for motor output and planning, language, judgment, and decision-makingFunctional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) –neuroimaging technique that infers brainactivity by measuring changes in oxygen levels in the bloodGray matter –the outer grayish regions of the brain comprised of the neurons’ cell bodiesGyrus –fold between sulci in the cortexLateralized –“to the side”; used to refer to the fact that specific functions may reside primarilyin one hemisphere or the otherLesion –a region in the brain that suffered damage through injury, disease, or medicalintervention

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