Bad: passivity, slave morality through resentment, common Birds of prey: birds pick the common/weak people. For lambs to hate bird of prey makes sense because they were kicked off and killed. But birds don’t hate the lambs because they are tasty. In order for us to blame of call the birds of prey evil, we have to assume they could have done otherwise. – Creation of psych morality. If it weren’t for the priests, philosophers wouldn’t exist. Both things have good and bads, he’s not saying we should all be noble-aristocrats. No longer use the term bad, we say wrong. These terms come from this resentment. Nietzsche’s view is that we’re strangers to ourselves. He believes he’s exposing this hidden thing. Main point the good and bad – designation of station, a description of what their lives were like. What it was to be powerful or weak. Had no element of free will until Priestly Caste. Resentment = Reactive - He doesn’t want you to create something out of resentment as a reaction, he thinks you’ll create something better if it’s done more of a spontaneous mode and joyous feeling then resentment. Pg. 135 – Change of values, impotence into goodness of heart. Idea of the common that they were stuck in this common world, but they want to forgive. Suboptimal condition but in fact this is what you want. - Adaptive preference. Change what you want to match what you’re in – Nietzsche believes this is detrimental to health. Characterization of actions and character. Anxious is humility, subjection as to one hates – obedience. Forgiveness – loving one’s enemies. Miseries are a sign of being chosen by God. Justice will be better off in eternity. 2nd Essay of Nietzsche Relocation origin of bad conscience: Making promises, involving memory, making yourself “regular,” predictable, consistent, forming a “self” or personality, requires keeping track of things in your head. - Bad conscience comes about from credit/debt system, related to punishment. Punishment came about as a way of rectifying a debt, a wrong-doer/criminal is seen as a debtor, and society being a creditor. In order to make a promise, you hold yourself in debt to someone. Creditor is given license to do whatever is rectified to undo the wrong by them.
o Creditor: can inflict pain, take land, property, create a fine. They have license to do whatever they want to rectify debt. o Pain = equivalence created = punishment = justice o Imprisonment, land, fine, just creates this sort of equivalence between creditor and debtor that has done wrong. Bad conscience = little creditor in our head. - You did this wrong thing and need to keep your promises to other people. Don’t do this or that. Self-form of punishment.
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- Spring '14
- Core issues in ethics, Ressentiment, bad conscience