Requirements 1 agent must act on behalf of principal

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Requirements: 1. Agent must act on behalf of  Principal. 2. Principal must affirm entire deal.  3. Principal must affirm before 3rd party withdraws from transaction.  4. Principal and 3rd party must have legal capacity to contract when Agent made the  deal. 5. Principals must know all the material facts involved in the transaction. Agent Liability Liability for Contracts Principals are classified as: Disclosed:  identity known to 3 rd  party Partially Disclosed:  3 rd  party knows he is dealing with an agent, but doesn’t know  principal’s indentity Undisclosed:  3 rd  party doesn’t know he is dealing with an agent, and the principal’s  identity is totally unknown  Authorized Acts Disclosed or Partially Disclosed Principal: Liable to 3 rd  party is agent acts within scope  of authority Agent has no liability to 3 rd  party for disclosed principal’s  Liability for Torts and Crimes
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Agent is liable to 3 rd  party for his own torts Course and Scope Principal may be liable for agent’s torts if they result from: Principal’s Tortious Conduct Principal’s Authorization of Agent’s Tortious Conduct Liability for Agent’s Misrepresentation . Apparent Implied Authority. Innocent Misrepresentation. Liability for Agent’s Negligence Liability for Agent’s Negligence . Respondeat Superior : employer is vicariously liable for employee’s negligent torts   committed within the agent’s “course and scope of employment.” Determining the Scope of Employment.   If the employer tells the employee to do something then the employee won’t be liable Distinction Between  a “Detour” and a “Frolic”:   if detour, principal is liable; if frolic,  principal is not liable.  Employee Travel Time:  to or from meals is outside scope of employment. Notice of Dangerous Conditions A detour-  a foreseeable and reasonable departure from a job- liable for an employer Ex. Traveling salesman with a large territory to cover.  He has an 8 to 5 job, has to stop  to get lunch. He is what is called a detour.  It is a likely part of the job.  Getting gas is a  detour. MINOR DEVIATION.   A Frolic  – major deviation from the job.  Not a foreseeable deviation.  To liability for an  employer Liability for Agent’s Intentional Torts. Principal is liable for intentional torts committed  within the scope of employment. Employer is also liable for employee’s acts which employer knew or should have known  the employee had a propensity to commit.  General Rule:  Employer is not liable for acts of independent contractors because  employer has no right to control.  Must determine whether worker is employee or independent contractor.
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Exceptions :  Strict liability for unusually hazardous activities, transportation of highly  volatile chemicals, or use of poisonous gases. 
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