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Q4 only seven people this century have been killed by

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Q4: Only seven people this century have been killed by the great white shark, the man-eater of the movies—less than those killed by bee stings. A. movies—less than those B. movies—fewer than have been C. movies, which is less than those D. movies, a number lower than the people E. movies, fewer than the ones Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q5: Exposure to certain chemicals commonly used in elementary schools as cleaners or pesticides causes allergic reactions in some children. Elementary school nurses in Renston report that the proportion of schoolchildren sent to them for treatment of allergic reactions to those chemicals has increased significantly over the past ten years. Therefore, either Renston’s schoolchildren have been exposed to greater quantities of the chemicals, or they are more sensitive to them than schoolchildren were ten years ago. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q6 to Q9: For many years, theoretical economists characterized humans as rational beings relentlessly bent Line on maximizing purely selfish reward. (5) Results of an experimental economics study appear to contradict this view, 2
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however. In the “Ultimatum Game,” two subjects, who cannot exchange information, are placed in separate (10) rooms. One is randomly chosen to propose how a sum of money, known to both, should be shared between them; only one offer, which must be accepted or rejected without (15) negotiation, is allowed. If, in fact, people are selfish and rational, then the proposer should offer the smallest possible share, while the responder should accept any offer, (20) no matter how small: after all, even one dollar is better than nothing. In numerous trials, however, two-thirds of the offers made were between 40 and 50 percent; only 4 percent (25) were less than 20 percent. Among responders, more than half who were offered less than 20 percent rejected the offer. Behavior in the game did not appreciably depend on the players’ (30) sex, age, or education. Nor did the amount of money involved play a significant role: for instance, in trials of the game that were conducted in Indonesia, the sum to be shared was (35) as much as three times the subjects’ average monthly income, and still responders refused offers that they deemed too small.
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