' Tf yo0 ccn,LAndly send Rlllea,Reylations and other the fav'our of ob Yours Sincerely, -- el :ti,,. Jr . 20. Letters to Motllal Nehru seeking information about Sward Party.
definite political status. The Liberals were at a disadvantage as thq were in the councils in SwaraJLsb and Constructive Work the previous term. They were overruled by the Government even on trivial routine matters. The stigma of association with an alien Government was attached to them. On the contrary the Swarajists had a halo of martyrdom due to their imprisonmept during the Non- cooperation movement. The Liberals had no tangible achievement to advertise to the electorates while the Swarajists appeared as 'Gandhi's men' committed to the attainment of Swaraj. They were now going to enter the Councils as the battle fpr Swaraj outside had ended without success. Their policy of open antagonism to the prevailing system of Government made a wide appeal to the electorates. The Swarajists' success in the elections of 1923 was impressive but by no means brilliant except in the central Provinces. Table 1 would show their position in the legislative bodies: Table 1 Total No. of Seats won by Seats Swarajists Y kgislative Assembly 2 Legislative Councils Madras Council Bombay Council Bengal Council U.P. Council Punjab Codncil Bihar & Orissa Council C.P. Council Assam Council Total The Swarajists emerged as the single largest party in the Central Assembly, Bombay and Bengal Councils while their number in the U.P. Council was not insignificant. The Swarajists were successful against the liberals but they could do little against the Independents who counted for success on the bases of their local influence. The victory of the Swarajists at the polls strengthened their position in the congress as againsi'the No- Changers. They, in effect, came to be recognised as the parliamentary wing of ~econgress. The bulk of the candidates elected were lawyers and businessmen. Table 2 gives the classification of the'elected members of the Central Assembly according to their professions. It would indicate the class of people who succeeded in the elections. / Table 2 Legislative Assembly Lawyers 42 38 Landlords 26 30 Businessmen 17 16 Journalists 8 9 Medical Practitioners 2 2 Others 9 9 Total ' 104 104 Thd iesults of the elections of 1926 came as a rude shock to the Swarajists. Their strength in the legislative bodies went down except in the Madras where their success was signal. They suffered heavy losses everywhere. In the U.P., C.P. and Punjab, the Swarajists were routed. In the C.P. Legislative Council, they secured only one seat. In the U.P. their number went down from 31 to 19. In the Central Legislative Assembly their number went down from 42 to 35.
Nationalism: The Inter War, Years-I tLu lrulrwllou .ad ruolulbac ol IP.