Do traditional theories work or do we need new theories White collar crime

Do traditional theories work or do we need new

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White-collar crime: Actions by individuals, organization suffers loss, individual gain. corporate crime: by corporation/executives, individuals suffer harm (financial or physical), benefits organization. Ideas from theories can be combined to explain some aspects of these crimes but in general we need new theoriesHow can we best explain organized crime? Do traditional theories work or do we need new theories?A group/groups of people who have come together for various types of criminality; informally organized, loose connections between groups, not ethnically divided, no hierarchy, profit, violence, intimidation, bribe officials, cooperation between groups, legit business to cover up, difficult to persecute 3+ countries, multiple activities, cooperation with other groups, use of violence, corruption, police influence, legit economy, fight across country borders to solve/fight crimes. Ideas from theories can be combined to explain some aspects of these crimes but in general we need new theoriesWhat is the legalization debate regarding consensual crimes?Victims participate in these crimes willingly; aka public order, vice, or victimless crimes Why was culture stripping employed at Mountain Ridge? What were the consequences?Members of the community were restricted from speaking, dressing, walking, and behaving in ways they normally did; this resulted in relatively organized behavior within the walls of mountain ridge but failed to help them when they returned to society because these aspects of their lives are defense mechanisms against the streetsIn Fader’s study, what role does masculinity play in criminal offending?The males are expected to support the family financially; legitimate work takes time to earn a decent amount of money, therefore the young men turn to selling drugs or other activities for fast money. This is when many of the students are picked up by the police Cesare Beccaria- On Crime and Punishment; Enlightenment era; enemy of Christianity; must sacrifice some individual freedom in order to live in peacesocial contract; preventing crime>punishment; deterrence; 3 principles of punishmentCesare Lombroso- atavismSigmund Freud- id, ego, and superego Shaw & McKay-social disorganization theory Robert Merton- lack of harmony occurs when there's too much emphasis on goals, or the means to reach the goals aren't adequate-too much emphasis on economic success1) conformity 2) innovation 3) ritualism 4) retreatism5) rebellionElijah Anderson- tried to understand life in the ghetto; decent and street familiesEdwin Sutherland- differential association theory Travis Hirschi- social bonds/social control theory Robert Sampson & John Laub- age graded theory: a theory that combines social bond theory with the possibility of change depending on one’s life circumstance; strengthening social bonds increases informal social control and reduces crime at any age, not just when the individual is young John Braithwait-restorative justice and reintegrative shaming (labeling theory); still harm done if you just lock them away
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  • Spring '11
  • CHRISHUGGINS

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