Livy has embedded expression of male ideas that she

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Livy has embedded expression of male ideas that she is expected to live up to image of complementary male and female roles in the state? one hero lives on into the Republic, the other is sacrificed to bring it into being raped as a gendered symbol for violation of rights, disregard for others’ dignity contempt for other peoples’ rights Lucretia literally becomes a symbol when her body is carried outside the house, boundary between public and private feminine sphere where she can convince people & act to public where Brutus speaks over her body Brutus’ speech (p. 103) - details indignities suffered under TS “no mere popular demonstration” would be scary if it were just a mob a revolution that is kind of scary in the service of establishing an oligarchy What is “the republic” Res publica means public business or public affairs Ideal of freedom - how is it defined The precise image for the emergence of the Republic is the election of consuls according to the “centuries” 1/29/18 Big Ideas paradox of inclusion and hierarchy (census) within the citizen body and as a technique of empire warfare as a cultural feature with links to the practice of empire what does “empire” mean? derived from Latin imperium, which originally referred to a specific form of power wielded by those at the top of the hierarchy; imperator is the word for the person who holds imperium we use the word “empire” to designate geographical expanse of the Roman territory monarchical rule that began in 27 BCE with Augustus period of that monarchical rule (27 BCE - 4 CE) Power and the politics of difference both empires and nation states are incorporative - they insist that people be ruled by their institutions but the nation state tends to homogenize those within its borders and exclude those who do not belong, while the empire reaches outward and draws, usually coercively, peoples whose difference is made explicit under its rule. The concept of empire presumes that different peoples within the polity will be governed differently. Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE) one of our major sources for late Republican history “new man”, i.e. first person in his family to hold consulship from Arpinum, a Volscian town, captured by the Romans in 4th BCE and given citizenship without the vote, by 188 BCE they had the vote excels in oratory and political skills, not so much military in addition to speeches and letters, wrote on oratorical theory and philosophy Cicero’s political ideals: The Republic written in 54-51 during period of Caesar and Pompey’s power Book 1: best constitution, Book 2: historical overview of changes in Roman constitution, Book 6: the perfect statesman dialogue form, relation to philosophical precedents, esp Plato
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historical setting (129 BCE) - Scipio as ideal of military man with respect for civil society Important overall assumptions:
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