Parents father and mother were both middle class

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Parents: Father and mother were both middle-class public school teachersEducation: extensive home tutoring of the most sensitive and creative type. Nigel alsoattended his father’s schoolSchool standingHallmark example of concrete thinkingExample of Abstract ThinkingAlexander HamiltonJohn Stuart MillTemperament and intelligence will correlate over a life time and not really changeChapter 8: How the Parts Fit TogetherPersonality Structure DefinedThe relatively static, long term divisions of personality into areas according to the relativelystable and distinct functions, processes, or other qualities of personalityPersonality structure provides an opposition to personality “Dynamics” which concernthe interactions among personality areas or partsMany structural models of personality have been offeredoStructural models appeared quite diverseoThis usually is the case with structures of complex systemsoIt is possible to divide them in different ways for different purposesGeneralities about structuresMultiple valid maps are possible for complex systems
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Different maps provide opportunities to emphasize different attributes about the systemNot all maps may be equally valid…What happens if you navigate without maps?oGives us a predictable patternCriteria for structural divisions:Comprehensiveness: divisions should cover everything or nearly soScientific foundation: each division should be scientifically defensible (cf. paranormalpart)Distinctiveness: each division should be unique, different from the restUtility: the divisions should help with some scientific projectBig Two: Eysenck’s 2 factor model (neuroticism/stability and extraversion/introversion)BigThree (Eysenck’s model added psychoticism/tender mindedness how easy it is to lose reality notextremes)Big Five ModelPurpose: to organize all traitsThe lexical hypothesis: all important traits are to be found in the languageFactor analysis trait words to discover important traitsFrom 30,000 to 100 wordsTo Five Factors- OCEANSupertraitsExampleExtroversionoSociable traitoSensation seekingoLiveliness traitThe Big FiveA wonderful model butoLimited to 30 or so traitsoTraits based on lay perception rather than professional expertiseoExcluded: temperament, verbal intelligence, internal-external locus of control,emotional intelligence, Machiavellianism, etc.The No Access UnconsciousDefinition: Mental activities to which consciousness is simply not connected…Consider the neurons departing from the retinaWe have no idea how our visual system works (unless we take a course in it)Its function is unconsciousi.e. firing of neurons in elementary processing of informationUnnoticed UnconsciousKen Bowers’ study on Unconscious influences
Participants shown pairs of portraits and landscapes, and their customary preference wasassessed (e.g. landscapes or portrait

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Term
Fall
Professor
JillKaplan
Tags
Psychology, Personality Psychology, The Prince, Intelligence quotient, Raymond Cattell
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The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Introductory Psychology
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Chapter 14 / Exercise 7
Introductory Psychology
Rathus
Expert Verified

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