ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Studies indicate that employees prefer physical

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Studies indicate that employees prefer physical surroundings that are not dangerous or uncomfortable. Temperature, light, noise, and other environmental factors should not be at either extreme. Additionally, most employees prefer working relatively close to home, in clean and relatively modern facilities, and with adequate tools and equipment. Employee dissatisfaction can be expressed in a number of ways. The exit response is behavior directed at leaving the organization.This behavior includes looking for a new position or resigning. This behavior can encompass performance variables such as productivity, absenteeism, and turnover. The voice response is often elicited by a dissatisfied employee who is actively and constructively attempting to improve working conditions. This response includes suggesting improvements, discussing problems with superiors, and some forms of union activity. Union members often express dissatisfaction through the grievance procedure or through formal contract negotiations. These voice mechanisms allow the union members to continue in their jobs while convincing themselves they are acting to improve the situation. Motivation is defined as the willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organizational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual need. While general motivation is concerned with effort toward any goal, the focus in organizational motivation lies with three key elements of effort, organizational goals, and needs. When someone is motivated, he or she tries hard. But high levels of effort are unlikely to lead to favorable job performance outcomes unless the effort is channeled in a direction that benefits the organization. A person with intrinsic motivation is self motivated. Intrinsic means innate or within; hence intrinsic motivation is the stimulation or drive stemming from within oneself. When the activity itself is rewarding , we do not need incentives or punishments--we have intrinsic motivation.This is known as intrinsic motivation; the motivation stems from factors such as interest or curiosity. This is different from extrinsic motivation--when we do something in order to earn a grade or reward, avoid punishment, or some other reason that doesn't have to do with the activity itself. A need means some internal state that makes certain outcomes appear attractive. An unsatisfied need creates tension that stimulates drives within the individual. These drives generate a search behavior to find particular goals that, if attained, will satisfy the need and lead to the reduction of tension. So in other words, motivated employees are in a state of tension. To relieve this tension, they exert effort. The greater the tension, the higher the effort level. If this effort successfully leads to the satisfaction of the need, tension is reduced.
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