8.Do values differ across cultures? How so? 9. Answer: Yes. According to Hofstede and the GLOBE Project, there are a number of values that differ across cultures: Hofstede’s Framework for assessing culture includes five value dimensions: Power Distance Individualism vs. Collectivism Masculinity vs. Femininity Uncertainty Avoidance Long-term vs. Short-term Orientation. When these variables are measured, countries vary considerably such as the U.S. ranking #1 in individualism while Colombia ranks 49 th . ( Learning Objectives : Define values, demonstrate the importance of values, and contrast terminal and instrumental values: Learning Outcomes : Describe Hofstede’s five value dimensions of national culture; and AACSB Learning Goals : Reflective thinking skills.) Experiential Exercise What Organizational Culture Do You Prefer? This exercise covers Learning Objectives : Define values, demonstrate the importance of values, and contrast terminal and instrumental values: Learning Outcomes : Describe the factors that influence the formation of individual attitudes and values; and AACSB Learning Goals : Reflective thinking skills. The Organizational Culture Profile (OCP) can help assess whether an individual’s values match the organization’s. The OCP helps individuals sort their characteristics in terms of importance, which indicates what a person values. 1. Working on your own, complete the OCP found at 2. Your instructor may ask you the following questions individually or as a group of three or four students (with a spokesperson appointed to speak to the class for each group): a.What were your most preferred and least preferred values? Do you think your most preferred and least preferred values are similar to those of other class or group members?b.Do you think there are generational differences in the most preferred and least preferred values?c.Research has shown that individuals tend to be happier, and perform better, when their OCP values match those of their employer. How important do you think a “values match”is when you’re deciding where you want to work? Ethical Dilemma Personal Values and Ethics in the Workplace 173
Chapter 5 Personality and Values Page Sipho Dlamini was born in a small rural village in Swaziland. He spent his childhood years looking after his family’s livestock. The community upheld high values, such as honesty and respect, but the people were desperately poor. He realized that he would have to go to South Africa and apply for a job at a gold mine.As a young man Sipho left his village in the mountains and took on the difficult job of getting to South Africa. He went in search of one of his distant family members who was working for a gold mine near Johannesburg. He managed to find his relative, who was engaged as a personnel assistant. Sipho’s relative managed to find him a job as a general mine worker and accommodation in one of the mine hostels.Sipho was dedicated to his work, and time passed quickly. Every month, he forwarded most of his wages to his family in Swaziland. One day Sipho’s family member called Sipho into his
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- Fall '16
- farhan Iqbal
- Big Five personality traits, MBTI, A. Hofstede