by explaining how a matter inPalestinian Judaism would beaconcern in Gentile Christianity.term but would not have been inclined to favorsuch a distinctively Jewish concept on theirown.The early church’s concern with the liberating effects ofknowledge owed more to Greek philosophy than Jewishtradition.CoherenceMaterial that cannot be establishedbytheabovecriteriaisneverthelessconsistentwithinformation that is so derived.Jesus says in the Gospel of Thomas, “Whoever isnear me is near the fire; whoever is far from meis far from the Kingdom” (Thomas 82)Resembles saying of Jesus found in morereliable sources.Jesus implores his followers to regard an impenitentsinner “as a Gentile or a tax collector” (Matt 18:17).This does not cohere well with knowledge that Jesuswas accepting of Gentiles and tax collectors.Congruity with Modern View ofRealityMaterialdoesn’trequireacceptance of ideas that contradictmodern views of reality.Jesus became a popular teacher though helacked professional training.Known to happen in modern world.Jesus was raised from the dead.Modern science says people who are dead for threedays do not come back to life. oSource CriticismSignificant period of time elapsed between the occurrence of events in the Gospels and Actsand the writing. Some materials were probably put into writing before the Gospels and Acts were produced.Identify places in the Gospels and Acts where an evangelist may be drawing upon materialthat was already in writing.External AnalysisInternal AnalysisoForm CriticismPresupposition: There was a period of oral transmission prior to the writing of the Gospelsand ActIdentify where small units of oral tradition have been incorporated into the writtendocuments of the Gospels and Acts. Classifications:Sayings: memorable quotesPronouncement Stories: short narratives of incidents that provide context formemorable quotationsParables: longer sayingsSpeeches: extensive Commissioning Stories: narrative accounts of persons or groups receiving calls toparticipate in the divine planMiracle stories: extraordinary powerHymns: metrical, poetical devicesGenealogies: descent of persons or groupsLegends: persons earning renown or gloryMyths: supernatural beingsoRedaction CriticismNot eyewitnesses that rely from other sources. Evangelists were writing things that hadideals.Analyze the Gospel narratives to detect editorial tendencies.1.Emendation2.CompositionoExegesis: explication of the textoHermeneutics:philosophical reflection on the process of interpretation.