Parents as Curriculum Implementors It has been assumed for too long that the unschooled (African) parents have no role to play in curriculum implementation. On the contrary, their role is crucial in the continuing process of value-orientation and attitude formation. Being the natural and immediate “reference group” for their children, the parents’ influence in cultural value is often unchallenged. It is in the home that the children learn effectively such important social and cultural values as personal relationships, hospitality, generosity, comparison, personal hygiene, etiquette, love, thriftiness etc. The current search for cultural identity should emphasize respect for education received through instructional materials. One of the final products of each curriculum project is the production of several types of instructional materials. If the teacher develops his own curriculum, materials he is likely to utilize products easily available in his environment for the preparation of the learning materials. If the curriculum is developed by the central institute like Kenya Institute of Education (K.I.E) to serve a large population, items of various types will be assembled in a package or kit for easy dissemination. What does curriculum kit contain? The most simple form of instruction materials produced by the curriculum team is a teachers’ guide, composed of suggestions and instructions for the teacher on what to do in the classroom. This is a very important item because it is 50 Activity 22 Are teachers, inspectors and administrators the only individual needed to implement a curriculum.
necessary to inform the teacher of the programmes goals so that they can make use of the programme adequately. Generally, the programme kit will also contain individual study materials in the form of textbooks, worksheets and supplementary materials, such as demonstration charts, slides, and equipment; which are also included. Finally a programme may also have components which are deposited in regional centres to be borrowed by schools for classroom use. The Community Curriculum implementation is most effectively implemented when the community understands and supports it when facilities are available for desirable school organization and learning activities. There is also need for appropriate materials and supportive personnel to assist teachers. Two key factors are necessary to the implementation of the curriculum. Financial support and other physical facilities Community’s theoretical support for change. The financial aspect of curriculum implementation is dealt with as a priority of the community. The community’s support creates a healthy climate of understanding and encouragement prevailing in the community. Most important here are the attitudes held by parents because such attitudes towards the programme are easily transmitted to the child for whom the changes are intended.
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