What is existence consider the following sentences 1

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What is Existence?
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Consider the following sentences: 1. Somebody is in the office. - There is an x such that x is in the office and x is a person. - Here we are asserting that there exists something that satisfies the description “in the office and a person.” We would find out by looking inside the office whether there is something that satisfied the description. 2. The present president of the US is tall. - There is an x such that x is the president of the US and x is tall. - Here we are asserting that there exists something that satisfies the description “is the president of the US and tall.” This sentence is true (I think). 3. The present king of France is bald. - There is an x such that x is the present king of France and x is bald. - Here we are asserting that there exists something that satisfies the description “is the present king of France and is bald.” This sentence turns out to be false – there is no one to satisfy the description. Now consider Gainesville exists. The analysis is: There is an x such that x is Gainesville. What if existence was part of the conception of Gainesville? Say it would be not just “the seat of the UF” but also that it exists.” We would have: There is an x such that it is the seat of the UF and it exists. Now consider God exists. This can be explicated as: There is an x such that x is God. Now let’s agree on some description as well as that existence is part of the conception: There is an x such that x is all-powerful and x is all-knowing and x is all-good and x exists. Pages 109 – 118 What is the Argument from Evil? (1) If God were to exist, then that being would be all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good. (2) If an all-PKG being existed, then there would be no evil. (3) There is evil. ------------------------------- Hence, there is no God. Deductively valid argument If God is all-PKG, he has both the inclination and the ability to prevent evil from occurring Conclusion: Two categories for evils: (1) evils that are brought into existence by human actions (2) evils that exist because of natural events that aren’t under human control What are possible reactions to the argument? View that there is no difference between right and wrong Assumption that premise 3 is correct is shared by many religious traditions Reject premise 1 by interpreting the existence of evil as showing merely that if there is a God, then God isn’t all-PKG
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