C state of mind rule 8033 1 statement of declarants

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C. STATE OF MIND  - Rule 803(3) 1. Statement of declarant's existing state of mind, emotion, sensation, or physical condition (such as intent, plan, motive, design, mental feeling, pain, and bodily health).   a. Physical condition (p.272) i. Statements about pain or aches allowed as long as words describe how he feels  as he talks.  Doesn't matter how long ago it was. ii. Statement can be made to anyone, not just doctor. b. Mental or Emotional Condition (p.273) i. Declarant's out-of-ct statement about own mental state is allowed. ii. Declarant can be party or nonparty. iii. Statement must be of present  mental state at time declarant speaks.  So what  declarant says on Wednesday about his state of mind on Monday is not allowed. iv. Although mental state utterances sometimes contain facts, using facts as  circumstantial evidence to prove state of mind.  Not allowed to use prior  statement of memory or belief to prove fact remembered or believed.  Don't care  if underlying facts are true or not, only use statement to show state of mind.  Use  Rule 403 balancing test to ensure that probative worth of mental state outweighs  unfair prejudice of allowing underlying facts.  (p.275) If prejudice outweighs probative value, not allowed.  Statement that "X has  poisoned me" to show state of mind that declarant did not commit suicide was  not allowed b/c prejudice against X is too great.  Shepard v. U.S.  (p.276, n.2) c. Subsequent Conduct (p.277) 17
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i. Hillmon  Doctrine - Statement of intent (i.e. state of mind) can be circumstantial  evidence to prove subsequent conduct.  If you said intending to do X tomorrow,  statement can be used as circumstantial evidence that you did do X the next day.  Statement about memory or belief about of a past actions or events not allowed.   Mutual Life Ins. v. Hillmon  (p.278) - Letters stating that Walters intended to go  to Kansas with Hillmon written at time Walters had this intent (state of mind)  can be admitted as circumstantial proof that he went to Kansas with Hillmon.   Letters tended to show that it was more probable that he went to KS with  Hillmon than if there had been no proof of such intention. But if combine intent of future act with memory of past act, may be allowed.   Anunziato . ii.  If X's statement of intent to do something with person Y, statement can go to Y's conduct as well as to X's conduct.  U.S. v. Phaester  (p.281)  Larry's statement  that he was going to the parking lot to meet Angelo can be used as circumstantial evidence that it was more likely that Angelo was in parking lot.
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