Understand bartletts theory of reconstructive memory

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understand Bartlett’s theory of reconstructive memory which suggests that all people reconstruct memories rather than remembering events as they are (Close, 2018). The reconstructed memories, therefore, can be influenced by mood swings, personal interpretation, and even cultural norms and values; therefore, there can be both crests and
CHILDREN AS RELIABLE EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY 4 troughs when the memories are being retrieved and encoded simultaneously (Brainerd & Reyna, 2012). Children, as being more susceptible external influences can experience these symptoms more than adults which can be a problem when it concerns eyewitness testimony Issues with Times and Dates Remembering minor yet important details such as the times and dates might be particularly difficult for young children to remember. Especially is they have not yet learned how to read the calendar or tell the time, or they might just not be familiar with numbers altogether (Close, 2018). These children might mix up the chronological order or might not be able to remember a particular time or relate it with a particular situation at times. This can affect the accuracy of a reported event. Results Most of the research evidence and studies quoted in this paper suggests that children prove to be unreliable as eyewitnesses and that their testimony is likely to be based on their imagination and the make-believe world that they live in. Being immature, they are also very unlikely to take the rules and traditions of law, such as the oath, seriously. Since they are not fearful of the consequences of lying under oath in addition to not being able to understand the gravity of the crime that may have taken place, they can give false information. Nevertheless, there can be events where children might be the only available eyewitness, and for such cases, the controlled factors which may mislead children into giving inaccurate statements should be eliminated. Discussion There is much concern regarding the topic of children being questioned as eyewitnesses and is often deemed as a controversial topic as well because of the vulnerability that surrounds it; however, research so far has accurately suggested the use of children testifying as eyewitnesses in events when are freely allowed to recall situations (Close, 2018). However, older children have albeit showed more accuracy in recalling events rather than
CHILDREN AS RELIABLE EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY 5 younger children as younger children are more susceptible to being manipulated and can also be the cause of the suggestibility effect (Oates, 2018). The suggestibility effect involves children in agreeing with a made-up situation that could have perhaps been suggested by any adult that could, in turn, make the testimony flawed throughout. Interviewing styles can affect the testimony of children in terms of being supportive and/or non-supportive.

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