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To c rs th m at take into account the person s age

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toCrsthMat take into account the personsage andthe associated level of immune system function. The very young, especially neonates andinfants born prematurely, are more susceptible to infections because of the immaturity of theirimmune systems. Likewise, older adults have decreased immune system function because ofthe aging process. Older patients are at risk for opportunistic infections resulting fromharmless organisms that become pathogenic and illness from the spread ofcommunity-acquired disease. Complications from comorbidities of chronic disease may alsoincrease suffering in the aged population.DIF:UnderstandingOBJ:16.6TOP: AssessmentMSC: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Health Promotion and MaintenanceNOT: Concepts: Health Promotion17.When discussing immunizations for infants and children with new parents, the nurse shouldfocus on which approach?a.Providing scientific evidence to parentsb.Stressing that nonimmunization is a crimec.Acknowledging that immunizations are not neededd.Informing the parents that they have no choiceANS: A
Fundamentals of Nursing 2nd Edition Yoost Test BankNURSINGTB.COMU S N T OParents need to have scientific, evidence-based information about immunizations and theirconsequences before choosing to accept or reject immunizations for their children. Theparent’sability to make an informed decision is the primary goal for nurses educating peopleabout childhood immunizations.DIF:ApplyingOBJ:16.6TOP: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Health Promotion and MaintenanceNOT: Concepts: Health Promotion18.The nurse recognizes which concept that correctly completes the definition of the geneticvulnerability of an organism (risk of disease expression based on genotype)?a.It is involuntarily passed from biologic parents to offspring.b.It is totally unrelated to environmental factors.c.It is nonresponsive to alteration by way of lifestyle modification.d.It is not a factor in mental illness because it is behavioral.ANS: AThe genetic vulnerability of an organism, or risk of disease expression based on genotype, isinvoluntarily passed from biologic parents to their offspring. Societal attitudes about testingand management of high-risk populations depend on the potential for expression of geneticdisorders that may be triggered by environmental factors. Controlling factors that place stresson physiologic function can reduce pathologic genetic expression and susceptibility todisease. For example, a person with a family history of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis isat risk for developing cardiovascular disease later in life. Lifestyle-modifying factors, such asweight reduction, daily exercise, and balanced nutritional intake, can help reduce thelikelihood that the genetic risk factor for heart disease will be expressed. Diabetes, cancer,mental illness,and renaldiseNaseRalsoIhavGe gBen.

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Term
Fall
Professor
John Rwebembera
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