New Zealand protested against the nuclear testing of France in French Polynesia. Mururoa (or Moruroa) Atoll was the focal point for both the tests. Greenpeace vessels sailed into the test site in 1972 and New Zealand and Australian governments took France to the International Court of Justice for banning the tests. But unfortunately France ignored the court’s ruling and continued their testing.The third Labour government, led by Norman Kirk, sent two navy frigates, HMNZS Otago and Canterbury, with a Cabinet minister on board. They invited the opposition party to send their representatives but they refused. Opposition party preferred to take France to the International Court again for justice. Both the ships sailed and reached Mururoa, they witnessed two atmospheric tests. In 1974 the protest saw some success. The French president Valéry Giscard d’Estaing ordered to move the tests underground. With testing continuing, however, Mururoa remained a focus of anti-nuclear protest (NZ History, 2017).Social movement can expand the range of ideas by forming and advocating alternative worldviews, and thus help the general people to get successfully adapted to the changed conditions (Calhoun, 1993).
More broadly, social movements seek to spread familiarity and acceptance of the alternative discursive frame, and to generate political pressure to implement institutional change based on this new worldview.References:Dalton, R., Reccia, S., Rohrschneider, R. (2003) The Environmental Movement And The Modes Of Political Action’ Comparative Political Studies, Vol. Xx No. X, Month 2003 1- Doi: 10.1177/0010414003255108The IECA. Environmental communication: what it is and why it matters. Available from: Cox, R. (2013). Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere Third Edition. Los Angeles: Sage.Flor, A. G. (2004). Environmental Communication: Principles, Approaches and Strategies of Communication Applied to Environmental Management. Quezon City, Philippines: University ofPhilippines Open UniversityLie, R. Servaes, J. (2015) Disciplines in the Field of Communication for Development and SocialChange. Rochon,T.1998.Culture moves,Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.p-137Nuclear testing in the Pacific', URL: -zealand/testing-in-the-pacific, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 3-Jul-2017Calhoun, C. 1993. Nationalism and civil society: Democracy, diversity and self-determination. International Sociology, 8(4): 387–411. [Google Scholar], p. 392)