o Complete the digestion of carbohydrates and proteins Difference between and

O complete the digestion of carbohydrates and

This preview shows page 10 - 11 out of 11 pages.

o Complete the digestion of carbohydrates and proteins Difference between and water- and fat-soluble nutrients in the way they are taken into the body (i.e., through blood vs through lymphatic vessels) o Circulatory system: water soluble nutrients
Image of page 10
carbohydrates, amino acids, minerals, and water-soluble vitamins enter directly into blood vessels, where they are transported to the liver before reaching other organs. o Lymphatic system: fat, fat soluble nutrients Most fats (and some vitamins) first enter lymphatic vessels before they find their way into the blood. As a result, they reach the liver only after circulating throughout the rest of the body Common GI problems and diet modifications to manage them o IBS: group of symptoms including abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and other discomforts caused by changes in how the gastrointestinal tract works. This disorder affects the muscle contraction of the colon (large intestine). Certain foods may trigger IBS symptoms, so individuals with the condition must take note of the foods or beverages, such as caffeine, alcohol, fatty foods, and some non-nutritive sweeteners, that may cause difficulty. When diarrhea occurs, water consumption must be increased to avoid dehydration. An increase in dietary fiber can help deal with the symptom of constipation. Some medications are prescribed for individuals with IBS, and probiotics may be helpful for some people. o IBD (inflammatory bowel disease): describes serious, chronic conditions that are caused by an abnormal response by the body’s immune system, which causes inflammation of the GI tract. The most common IBDs are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. A person with IBD needs a nourishing diet to deal with potential nutrient deficiencies brought about by absorption issues, as well as assistance when significant weight loss occurs. Ulcerative colitis: the mucosa of the intestine becomes irritated and swollen and open wounds ( ulcers ) develop. often most severe in the lower colon (the rectum), which can cause diarrhea Crohn’s disease: most often affects the lower portions of the small intestine and parts of the large intestine o Acid reflux o Gastritis o Gallstones o Diverticular disease: o Hemorrhoids: swollen/inflamed veins in anus and lower rectum Can be related to low fiber diets o Celiac disease: autoimmune disease with symptoms of diarrhea and weight loss Completely treat with avoiding gluten
Image of page 11

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 11 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes