Children can classify objects according to properties such as size, value, shape or some other physical characteristic. Thinking becomes increasingly logical and organized. The Formal Operational Stage: Abstract and Hypothetical Thought • The formal operational stage (11years- adulthood) involves the development of advanced cognitive processes such as abstract reasoning and hypothetical thinking. It includes scientific thinking, such as gathering evidence and systematically testing possibilities. Thinking can exist entirely in hypothetical realms. Definition and application of motivational interviewing and stages of change model (Snigdha’s presentation) Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling approach developed in part by clinical psychologists William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick. It is a directive, client-centered
counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence Primary goal is to reduce ambivalence about change and increase the client’s own motivation for change Therapists use open ended questions, employing reflective listening, creating safe climate, affirming and supporting client, expressing empathy, responding to resistance in a non-confrontational manner, going a discussion of ambivalence and reinforcing “ change talk.” Therapists assist clients in becoming their own advocates for change and the primary agents of change in their lives Pre-Contemplation - No intention of changing the behavior pattern in the near future Contemplation -People are aware of problem and are considering overcoming it, but have not yet made a commitment to take action to bring about the change
Preparation - People intend to take action immediately and report some small behavioral changes Action - People take small steps to modify their behavior to solve their problems. Maintenance - People work to consolidate their gains and prevent relapse Recognize and apply Holland’s RIASEC model (Carla’s presentation)
Strategies for reducing aggression Reducing Aggression Successful Interventions Bodily States Mental Meanings Reframe/distraction Multifaceted Targets Early Development
Recognition and application of Big 5 Personality Factors Five Factor Model (Big 5) O penness C onscientiousness E xtraversion A greeableness N euroticism
Openness Fantasy prone Open to feelings Open to diverse behaviors Open to new/different ideas Open to various values and beliefs Conscientiousness
Competent Orderly Dutiful Achievement-oriented Self-disciplined Deliberate Extraversion Gregarious Warm Assertive Active Excitement-seeking Positive Emotionality Agreeableness Straightforward Altruistic Compliant Trusting Modest Tender-minded Neuroticism Anxious Angry Depressed Self-Consciousness Impulsive Vulnerable
Attachment styles Three Styles of Attachment Secure I find it relatively easy to get close to others and am comfortable depending on them and having them depend on me. I don’t worry about being abandoned or about someone
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- Spring '14
- Social anxiety disorder