Course Hero Logo

Two categories two categories catabolism catabolism

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 14 - 16 out of 40 pages.

two categories:two categories:CatabolismCatabolismAnabolismAnabolismCatabolism (Catabol = throwing down; ism = a condition)Catabolism (Catabol = throwing down; ism = a condition)thethecollectivecollectivedecomposition reactions of complex molecules body cellsdecomposition reactions of complex molecules body cellsand tissues.and tissues.Anabolism (Anabol = Building up)Anabolism (Anabol = Building up)thethecollectivecollectivesynthesis of ______________ molecules in the cells andsynthesis of ______________ molecules in the cells andtissues of the body.tissues of the body.KEY CONCEPTKEY CONCEPTHomeostasis is a state of dynamic equilibrium where opposing forces are in balanceHomeostasis is a state of dynamic equilibrium where opposing forces are in balancePhysiological systems work to restore balance and are constantly adjustingPhysiological systems work to restore balance and are constantly adjustingFailure results in disease or deathFailure results in disease or death14
Chapter 2: The Chemical Level of OrganizationChapter 2: The Chemical Level of OrganizationWhat does chemistry have to do with homeostasis?What does chemistry have to do with homeostasis?What is important about:What is important about:Hydrogen Ions (HHydrogen Ions (H+)?)?Calcium (CaCalcium (Ca+2+2)?)?Protein?Protein?Cellular physiology is based on the rules governing the interactions of these and manyCellular physiology is based on the rules governing the interactions of these and manyother _______________ and molecules.other _______________ and molecules.The AtomThe AtomMatter (anything that occupies space) is made up of atomsMatter (anything that occupies space) is made up of atomsAtoms are the smallest stable units that retain the chemical and physical properties of anAtoms are the smallest stable units that retain the chemical and physical properties of anelementelementA chemical element is a pure chemical substance (hydrogen or oxygen)A chemical element is a pure chemical substance (hydrogen or oxygen)Elements cannot be broken down by ordinary chemical methodsElements cannot be broken down by ordinary chemical methodsAtoms join together to form chemicals with different characteristicsAtoms join together to form chemicals with different characteristicsChemical characteristics determine physiology at the molecular and cellular levelChemical characteristics determine physiology at the molecular and cellular levelAtoms consist of varied _______________ of subatomic particles.Including:Atoms consist of varied _______________ of subatomic particles.Including:ProtonsProtonsNeutronsNeutronsElectronsElectronsProtonsProtonsHeavy ParticlesHeavy Particles(Mass = 1 Atomic Mass Unit)(Mass = 1 Atomic Mass Unit)Found in and help comprise the nucleusFound in and help comprise the nucleusCarry a positive chargeCarry a positive chargeAre designated as “HAre designated as “H+”? or simply “+””? or simply “+”NeutronsNeutronsHeavy ParticlesHeavy Particles(Mass = 1 Atomic Mass Unit)(Mass = 1 Atomic Mass Unit)Found in and help comprise the nucleusFound in and help comprise the nucleusCarry a _______________ chargeCarry a _______________ chargeAre designated as plus/minus (+/-)Are designated as plus/minus (+/-)ElectronsElectronsLight, Nearly massless particles,1/1836 the mass of protonsLight, Nearly massless particles,1/1836 the mass of protons(Mass = 0 Atomic Mass(Mass = 0 Atomic MassUnit)Unit)Carry a negative chargeCarry a negative charge

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 40 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture