mindful of the truth of the public and that "whining is here surely" proves the suffering of women. Voltaire has adopted the case of women in this novel and he saw their case as a significant issue of the season of illumination. They were all casualties on how social and public customs and ideas were towards ladies. The reason of such dark ideas is the conviction that women are unlike and less than men. According to the supporters of such ideas, women should be ranked through deciding their position, which depends on the magnificence with no thought of their scholarly capacities regardless of the possibility that they are smarter than
men. This novel additionally illustrates that the part that women's role in this period is just becoming somebody's significant follower and the main capacity in women is their genders and sexualities ( Scherr, Arthur , 1993) ). Importantly one of the prominent and expressing characters in this novel is the character of Cunegonde. She was a daughter of a very rich and wealthy lord from Germany, as Voltaire describes her being "extremely beautiful" as she represents the dependent woman while she gives nothing in return to any man. Nevertheless, Cunegonde's beauty that is based on the social look to women is her sole property. Henceforth, blame is not upon her by Voltaire for her foolishness using her femininity, as Voltaire sees her as a male, who is weak and decide anything on his own. The woman is seen as guided by a male. Furthermore, Cunegonde vents out about what occurred to her personally and her whole family as a "customary method of running matters". Therefore, a reader can observe that Cunegonde was not like any heroines who are traditional and less than any heroes in the role. Cunegonde's matters are regarded in contrast of the optimistic views being exposed only to evil. Actually, there is not any balance between the good and the bad side in Cunegonde's life. In the end, Cunegonde looked up for a different world and found it that is far from humans so as to go for a life that is new upon her expectations to not being restricted of any social diseases.( Bottiglia, William F,1951) On the same hand, there is another female character in Candide Paquette, who plays the role of a maid in a chamber of the household of a baron. In the beginning scenes of this great novel, the character of Paquette is seen as the house cleaner of a chamber of the mother of Cunégonde. After that, she goes into a matter with the character of Pangloss, as she infects him of syphilis along their
relationship. Astonishingly, she unwillingly works in prostitution only for the sake of supporting herself and sustain. Thus, this sort of work made Candide bestow her a huge amount of money, seeing her as a miserable and a sad woman that had to live from hand to mouth, working in prostitution. Furthermore, when she was put to jail, the judge conditioned setting her free from being his mistress, because he was sad from her. The reason for this sadness is that when he let her out, she went back to prostitution. Moreover, she used to pretend
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