Lecture_12

18 19 new cases of kaposis sarcoma in men in the us

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19 New Cases of Kaposi’s Sarcoma in Men in the US Year Rate
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20 Human Papilloma Virus • Ano-genital warts • Virus infects vaginal cells, cells of the cervix, and cells in the anal area • Sexually transmitted • Cervical cancer is caused mainly by 4 strains – HPV 16 and 18 (70%) – HPV 31 and 45 (10%)
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21 ThinPrep Pap smear Normal cells HPV-infected cells
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22 Notable HPV types and associated diseases
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23 Pictures of genital warts http://www.genitalwartsreport.com/genital-warts-pictures.html
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24 HPV vaccine Two HPV vaccines are currently on the market: Gardasil (16, 18, 6, 11) and Cervarix (16, 18) Vaccines are only effective in preventing HPV infections, not in treating those already infected by HPV - recommended to administer the vaccine before adolescence and the onset of sexual activity.
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25 A Summary of Opportunistic Diseases Associated with AIDS * * * * * * * Wasting disease
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26 Pediatric AIDS • Children 12 years and under • Route of infection - During pregnancy - At time of birth - Breast feeding • Diagnosis of pediatric AIDS - viral load test Placenta Umbilical Cord
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27 Children with AIDS Fail to thrive Do not respond to aggressive nutritional therapy Experience weight loss that is irreversible Persistent diarrhea Mainly bacterial opportunistic infections Decreased cognitive function and motor skills
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28 Pediatric AIDS in the US ~4,900 pediatric AIDS deaths compared to 550,000 total deaths
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29 Most Common Opportunistic Infections associated with Pediatric AIDS Salmonella (intestinal infections) Streptococcus (respiratory infections) • Staphylococcus (skin and blood infections) Candida (mouth infections)
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Midterm 2 Tuesday, May 21st Lectures 7 to 12 Bring Blue scantron
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31 Lecture 12: Epidemiology of AIDS • Types of epidemiological studies • Transmission categories • Geographic distribution • Ethnicity • Gender • Age • Pattern of transmission 5/14/2013
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18 19 New Cases of Kaposis Sarcoma in Men in the US Year...

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